American retreat and the rise of Russia, China, and Iran | reTHINK TANK

American retreat and the rise of Russia, China, and Iran | reTHINK TANK


GARY SCHMITT: The United States faces security threats from multiple states and groups, and in multiple regions of the world. But it does so at a time when public opinion
is less supportive of American efforts to address those threats than anytime in decades. Since the inconclusive wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the 2008 financial crash, America’s
appetite for global security leadership has dropped dramatically. When he entered office, President Obama pledged
to rebuild the country by moving away from “nation-building abroad” to “nation-building
at-home.” BARACK OBAMA: …and use the rest to do some nation-building right here at home! GARY SCHMITT: Likewise, when running for president, Donald Trump questioned the wars America had been fighting and the value of America’s alliances abroad. DONALD TRUMP: …have dragged us into foreign wars that have made us less safe… GARY SCHMITT: Both presidents believed that a forward-leaning American military presence is costly and at times counterproductive, involving us in conflicts
and competitions with other powers that are not, they argued, in our national interest. But the policies of retrenchment have not brought us greater peace and stability. In the cases of Russia, China, and Iran, efforts
to normalize relations have not lessened tensions. To the contrary, each nation has read US policies
and cuts to defense spending as signs of American weakness and decline. If anything, American retrenchment has fueled
the ambitions of Russia, China and Iran… not appeased them. As a result, we face growing uncertainty in
three regions of the world—Europe, Asia and the Middle East—that American statecraft
has long understood to be the linchpins of global peace and security. However, that begs the question of why the United States should care now? After all, the threats posed by the three
states are far from American shores. Some even argue that the US might concede
greater sway in a region to these rising powers in the expectation that they will then become
satisfied powers. But history suggests otherwise. New levels of dominance in a region inevitably
introduces new interests and new concerns for the rising power. Moreover, states that neighbor the rising
power will have an interest in pushing back against such dominance or, if unable to do
so, appeasing the rising power. In either case, the rising power will have
created the kinds of tensions and instability that inevitably prevent a rising power from
becoming a satisfied power. The security dilemma posed by a rising power
is further fueled by the specific character of that state. In this case, all three countries—Russia,
China and Iran—are illiberal and present themselves as challengers to the democratic
West. By their very nature, they rest uneasy in
a world now dominated by liberal trade and politics, and where the dominant power is
still the United States. It’s undeniable that American prosperity and security are enhanced when America is
the dominant power in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. However, with the fall of the Soviet Union
in 1991, America took its eye off the ball. As a result, some Americans started to believe
in the “end of history,” the idea that the ideological conflicts of the 19th and
20th century had come to a close. Others simply wanted the peace dividend that
came with the end of the Cold War. With no serious challengers to threaten American
security, support for military spending and global deployments eroded. Americans continued to profess the values
of a global leadership, but they thought the nation could do as much while shrinking the
military and reducing its overseas presence. FIREMAN: Battalion One to Manhattan. We just had a plane crash into the upper floors of the World Trade Center. Most Americans believe that 9/11 changed things,
stirring Americans from their delusions about the dawn of an era of absolute security. But despite substantial investments in fighting
the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, successive US presidents declined to make the long-term
investments necessary to modernize the military. As a result, the American military is losing
its qualitative edge and is too small to address the various global challenges it now faces. Once the envy of the world, America’s military
can no longer confidently “shock and awe” its adversaries. To restore the world order, Congress and the White House must adopt a long-term perspective. The US cannot focus on what changes—threats
and technologies. Instead, America must recognize what remains
constant—American security interests and political principles. Defending the liberal order is in our interest. And it is best done with allies who, in exchange
for American security guarantees, have by and large allowed the United States to construct
a global order that is both in our image, and to our advantage. To learn more about national security and American global leadership, check out the link to my new book “Rise of the Revisionists” in the description below. Also, let us know what other topics you’d like AEI scholars to cover on reThink Tank, and be sure to subscribe for more research and videos from AEI.

38 Comments on "American retreat and the rise of Russia, China, and Iran | reTHINK TANK"


  1. Sounds kind of Imperialistic to me especially there at the end with the whole “our image” thing.

    Reply

  2. When America is not the world hegemon we'll all learn to appreciate what they did for the world. But I think the cost in the lives of American servicemen is not worth it.

    Reply

  3. It is time for U.S to go home, the country is bankrupt to the tune of 20 trillion plus with political, social and economc issues that seem to be insolvable. All the regime changes and interventions from Iraq to Libya has failed. In the end, military can only do much and on top of that U.S has not been a good nation builder either, if that was even in the picture. You can not solve every issue in the world by dropping bombs and drones!

    I say let China run the show, they have the money, man power and global reach. The silk route project that china is working on will benefit every country on its path. China's reach to Africa despite all the critisizim has been positive. I finish it off with what Trump said: what do you have to loose!

    Reply

  4. I think America should only protect the Western Hemisphere and keeps the Chinese, Indians, and Muslims out

    Reply

  5. I'm from Israel and I I think Trump is an idiot I do agree with him on one thing which is Iran but all the other stuff he's just an idiot I wish it was someone else instead of him

    Reply

  6. USA should sit down and stop talking, we heard enough and seen enough.. mind your own business, stop taking over the world

    Reply

  7. going by this documentary which goes over facts, seems like the 911 attacks came at a perfect time for USA to increase the military budget and reinject their military outposts around the world. hmmmm ehmm ehmm cough cough inside job

    Reply

  8. America should continue to fight for the basic rights of people close to their home and away from their home america represents the basic tents of governance -democracy,liberty,equality fraternity etc .america is leader of free people and it should remain to do so .it is a high stake game were the lives are lost on all sides , rather then letting the war come to you take the war to them also it is not only the moral responsibility of the american people to save weaker and poorer who cannot fend for themselves but also in the strategic intrest of the american people

    Reply

  9. You go and fight you old fuck!… Russia and China have hardly any bases in any countries, we spend more money then the next 25 countries combined.. I think we are doing enough asshole

    Reply

  10. This is nuts. Military spending goes up every year, there is absolutely no issues with the military being insufficiently funded. The line about the US military being incapable of "shock and awe" is completely ridiculous. Nobody comes close when comparing to numbers blending with technology. The premise of this video is stupid as shit.

    Reply

  11. Where you there when millions of Iraqis and Afghans got killed by Americans war machines ????
    Enough of assuming mum fker Americans

    Reply

  12. the rise of China Russia and Iran has nothing to do with America taking her eyes off the ball. Destroying Iraq wasnt just a humanitarian disaster but a massive greedy strategical mistake that gave rise to Iran. By eliminating Iran`s main rival and also by motivating Iran to be more active to protect itself against fututre American aggression. That in turn gave rise to terror groups. Surrounding Russia with NATO and anti missle diffence gave Russia the motivation to be more aggressive and eventual annexing of Cremea. Dumping American treasure in endless wars and not investing in education, infrastructure, inovation. Also financial collapse of 2008 all caused Americas demise. While worlds second largest economy China invests its tresure on long term goals in science inovation and massive projects like One Road One Belt Initiative. If we cant even admit where the problem is and point the finger at other how can we change?

    Reply

  13. Go home yankee.

    America is the greatest threat to world peace since 1945.

    Funding rebels, staging coup, invading countries, etc..

    youre the problem

    Reply

  14. The rise of Russia is a good thing. Putin is already a world power broker. China is like 'UK's role with US'.PRC is big but lacking the guts to roll around the world. But Iran has nothing special, she is a medieval theocrazy hermit state, too backwards to roll in middle east, they were weired!

    Reply

  15. I can't wait for 2050 when China is the wealthiest and strongest country in the world. Then the US scum will be put in its place.

    Reply

  16. It's not necessarily military retreat. It's also the dissolution of the state Dept and diplomacy. This video's disingenuous.

    Reply

  17. 4:32
    "To restore wold order"
    "To restore wold order"
    "To restore wold order"
    "To restore wold order"
    "To restore wold order"

    "America is a Democracy" my ass

    That statement sounded like an Imperial army general would say

    Reply

  18. If this War Hawk wants to fight and die for the benefit of faceless power brokers, he can do it himself. Too many have died, lost limbs and their sanity and came home to nation that abandoned them – a nation that used young men and women of every creed, ethnicity and religion – like pawns on a chess board, and when they we're no longer useful left them sick, broken and pennyless. America is sick nation in dire need of an overhaul, our people deserve better from the legalistic institutions that demand conformity and compliance but offer nothing in exchange.

    Reply

  19. Cut the BS! 911 was a mossad operation. Any “doc” that ignores this fact is suspect in my book and those involved should be up for treason and execution.

    Reply

  20. More neoliberalism wishful thinking, America, and you will have a even worse decade waiting for you, time to listen to realists like john mearsheimer. It is a dangerous world out there, but you ain't the savior. Just take care of yourself, nothing less, nothing more.

    Reply

  21. Allies?Alies?That sick to.undermine and kick Usa out of the region.Eu.Germany.Japan are not US allies

    Reply

  22. If America retreats, America will end up under constant threat and dependent on authoritarian states. We have to draw a line in order to intervene to hold great powers at bay but refrain from entering combat in "irrelevant" places. An active deployment to Ukraine and continuous would stabilize Europe and end threaten Russia. China can be contained by assertive naval operations which threaten China's overseas position. The middle east can be contained by naval and air force presence in the region without military deployments. For smaller countries, the US should focus on peaceful diplomatic/economic actions.

    Is it imperialistic? Maybe. But I'm sure few would want Chinese Communist or Russian regional/world leadership. We must however continue to foster ties with other nations, rather than break them as Trump has done in Europe since America shouldn't and can't bear the entire brunt of global security alone.

    Reply

  23. NO not Iran that’s we’re I LIVE and my family lives I’m from Iran please YOU’LL REGRET THIS AMERICA!

    Reply

  24. The problem is, the world will recognize and respect US if they are helping others, but are they?? Bombing And invading another country is not helping….

    Reply

  25. Then would you say we should not have any police officers on American streets because quite TOO many get shot and killed in the line of duty? Having no BALLS militarily leads to geopolitical disasters. Having TOO much adventurism leads to financial ruin. Too bad we don't have a moderate political party somebody like me can vote for.

    Reply

  26. I hear voices here saying we should leave international concerns alone and "take some me time." for the US. How did the Communists take power in 1917? How did the Nazi party seize power in 1937? The moderates boycotted, walked out, were intimidated out. Took a freaking' break. Took a time out. And got steamrolled. Heroes write history. Chickens get eaten. With great power comes great responsibility. Sorry, Coulter, wrong again.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *