BBC HARDtalk – Mikhail Gorbachev – President of the Soviet Union 1990-1991 (10/11/14)

BBC HARDtalk – Mikhail Gorbachev – President of the Soviet Union 1990-1991 (10/11/14)


western`style education for children in Nigeria. Time now for Hardtalk, with the former Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev. Welcome to a special edition of HARDtalk from Berlin, with me Stephen Sackur. The city is currently marking the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, that extraordinary moment which dramatised the collapse of the communist system and the end of the Cold War. My guest today is Mikhail Gorbachev, former president of the Soviet Union, architect of the policy of reform and openness which was supposed to revitalise the Soviet empire, but instead hastened its demise. His policies were supposed to reinvigorate the Soviet system, but in fact hastened its demise. He will reflect with me on the current state of East`West relations. Mikhail Gorbachev, welcome to HARDtalk. It was 1989, here in Berlin, when the Wall came down. It took two more years for the Soviet Union to collapse. But in your view, was it inevitable when this Wall came down here in Berlin that the Soviet Union was finished? The point I want to make is that you believed for a long time that you could reform and revitalise the Soviet Union. And you are wrong, because in the end, the process of glasnost and perestroika killed off the Soviet Union. I wonder now, looking back, whether you feel that was a good thing, or whether, like Vladimir Putin, you feel, as he says, that it was a catastrophic event. The most catastrophic event of the 20th century. What followed you were years of economic chaos and political chaos. Vladimir Putin’s message to the Russian people today is that the chaos that came after the chaos that came after the Soviet Union was deeply damaging to the interests of the Russian public, and that he, Vladimir Putin, is going to restore a sense of pride, status and power to greater Russia, and people outside of Russia it sounds and feels like a return to the People in Russia still say that today. There are politicians in Russia today who want to put you on trial for treachery. They call you a traitor, and they do believe that Vladimir Putin is going to restore Russia’s pride by, in essence, rebuilding a latter`day Soviet empire. To be clear, when you tell me that you think Putin is having a chilling effect on Russia today, what exactly do you mean by that? When you talk about Putin and the chilling effect you say he is having on Russia, you are talking about the internal issues and Putin’s lack of commitment to genuine democracy. Many outside Russia would say the most chilling effect of Putin right now comes from his abroad strategy, from his determination to exercise power beyond Russia’s own national borders, particularly in Ukraine. Did it really end? Did the Cold War really end? In Putin’s mind, perhaps the Cold War did not end. If I may, when you say the result is that we have a new division, I want to quote you the words of Finland’s President. Finland has a long border with Russia. He said, bearing in mind what is happening with Ukraine, the annexation of Crimea with new reports of Russian tanks and Russian forces again in the regions of eastern Ukraine just in the past few days, he said, “It seems to me that we are almost at the gates of a new kind of Cold War that could suck in all of Europe.” Do you agree? It is very interesting that you talk about the work you did with that generation of Western leaders in that period, around ’89, ’90 and before. You famously said you had a real trust and admiration for Ronald Reagan. Margaret Thatcher, she said, “Mikhail Gorbachev is a man I can do business with.” But look today at the relationship between Putin and Obama. Look at what Putin said the other day when he said that the US unilaterally declared itself the winner of the Cold War, that it never tried to establish a new balance of power, it is only interested in imposing a unilateral dictate that can only lead to conflict and chaos. Putin appears to have a completely different approach from your own. Very specifically, do you support Putin’s annexation of Crimea, the fact that Russian troops are still reported to be in the east of Ukraine and Russia has recognised the recent elections in eastern Ukraine, which the rest of the world has described as completely illegitimate? Do you support Putin’s decisions there? When I’m always an optimist.” I wonder if there is much room for optimism today when you see the crisis between the Western powers and Vladimir Putin? When you see conflict again on the eastern borders of Europe involving Russia? Can you be an optimist today? Mikhail Gorbachev, we have to end there. I thank you very much indeed for being on Good morning. The weather is coming in from the Atlantic and at this time of year that can only mean one thing. It will be unsettled with

83 Comments on "BBC HARDtalk – Mikhail Gorbachev – President of the Soviet Union 1990-1991 (10/11/14)"


  1. Actually, in the 80s, he was leader, elected by the Soviet government. That is different from President. Soviet leaders where tzar in all but name. In the 90s, he was elected by the people as president.

    Reply

  2. ахахахахах Горбачев высказывает Путину критические высказывание )) серьёзна))) ахахахахахахах )))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

    Reply

  3. again it's a Russian that proves he is a true States Men.
    Glory to Russia and God Bless the Brics

    Reply

  4. Gorbachev is an awful person. But the behavior of many of the other top officials of the USSR showed that he was not the only piece of shit that floated to the top of the system.

    Reply

  5. He was trying the undo the work left before him by Khrushchev and Brezhnev regimes as he knew without any reforms, the Soviet Union would fall. The Soviet Union was allocating far too much of its fiscal budget to its military while consumer goods were neglected. His Glasnost was intended to provide people with the liberty to criticize Communist Hardliners without fear of reprisal to enable his reforms, Perestroika to succeed. He only failed because hardliners felt he was destroying Communism and the people felt his reforms were half-hearted and too slow. As a result, he was hated by both sides.

    Reply

  6. He was a great statesman and visionary. One of the great men of history.I admired his great courage.

    Reply

  7. As usual the western journalist does not offer an educated intelligent argument for an interview ,Gorbachev like Putin show rational but the journalist seems like he doesn't listen because their(the westerns) mind set is always the be the winners.

    Reply

  8. This motherfucker British asshole anchor, sucking queen's balls, has no idea to whom he is talking to and what questions to ask. He is alive bcos of this person's action. This is total bullshit British propaganda video.

    Reply

  9. Михаил Горбачёв was a Nobel Peace prize recipient.
    That is the problem with western journalists…they see things from a western one track minded perspective.

    Reply

  10. if it wasn't for the eu and the Usa Russia wouldn't of gone into Ukraine and taken krym there'd be no war in donbass. the Eu trade deal was a bad deal and if i was the president of Ukraine i too would not have signed the agreement. Eu wants to rape Ukraine and take their resources and fuck the people over. all through history other nations wanted to take the riches of Ukraine. Ukrainians need to have and ultra nationalist mindset that no we don't want to live under the ruel of a foreign power, whether it be russia the eu, ect. they have been brainwashed to believe that the eu is the land of gold and everything will be great, but it is the authoritarian rule over a sovereign nation and put that nation into slavery steal everything, and fuck over the people.

    Reply

  11. Gorbachev is a realist who realized that communisim did not work, does not work and will not work, so it has to be revised, but the old red guards who had all the perks and power did not like the idea. His only mistake that tainted his reputation was using military force in the Baltics. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were illegally occupied by Stalin in the first place, so they had to get their freedom.

    Reply

  12. What an honourable man! I previously used to be very negative about Gorbachev and his actions that lead to the demise of the USSR but he had a lot of wisdom and a good heart. The problem was that the Americans had a different agenda for the post cold war world of complete domination and subjugation of Russia. Gorbachev was also naive in his political dealings with the west and was too liberal. He should have completed the economic reform before the political reform in the USSR. Putin has now decided to draw a line under the imperial direction of the West thus causing the collision between the West and Russia today.

    Reply

  13. Gorbachev is eager to speak in this interview and it feels wonderful to hear him talk about the big picture – about peace in such real concrete terms. The interviewer is just out of depth and is not able to engage him at his level. He comes coming back to blame games because it's 'hard talk' and he is meant to be hard on his subject, and raises petty questions because that's all the general public is interested in.

    Reply

  14. Sackur is a dickhead! Talk about leading questions and provocative generalisations. . . His interview with Lavrov was a propagandist joke on brainwashed TV zombies man.

    Reply

  15. Independent mind, not pro Russian, not pro Western.
    The best leader of the Russian speaking world in a hundred years.

    Reply

  16. It is thanks to Gorby that there is peace in the world to day, and the ill bred Sakur baits and taunts Gorby to admit it was his fault for the USSR to split , all for the for the sake of fake BBC journalism , Putin , is a former KGB operative , he is the new Tzar .

    Reply

  17. America screwed up, should have invited many Russians over to the U.S.A. to learn we are nice people who also wanted peace and prosperity for all on the planet. Clinton expanded NATO eastward, threatening and humiliating Russia by placing missiles on their front door. And that reminds one how upset America became when Kruschev placed missiles on America's "front door" (Cuba, in 1963). What goes around also comes around and Putin was right in saying that ythe Libyan incursion was a big "NATO mistake". Bush's error was to invade Iraq, destroy their infrastructure [ think A/C ] and then have Obama abandon them so ISIS coukld arise to fill the vacuum. Let's agree that ALL natiopns have something bad in their past, some mistake that caused real terror among civilians.
    Le's all say "PEACE" to im who is nearby, and also "PEACE" to him who is far away, too!
    GOD BLESS GORBACHEV a he and Reagen TOOK DOWN "the WALL" (Iron Curtain) so people could talk things over without smiting each other in anger!

    Reply

  18. Putin may have acted in a way that made Russian appear aggressive, but the fact if the matter us that very square meter of Crimean soil has had Russian blood shed over it during the past two centuries. Plus the fact that the main Russian fleet was parked there. Should the WEST have hundreds of "warm water ports" while Russia has NONE?
    Let us PLEASE consider the situaltion FAIRLY!
    In addition, as a person raised in the WEST, one who experienced WW2 as a first grade child, the WEST still owes a debt of GRATITUDE for fighting off the WORST of Hitler's murdering (fascists) army on the Eastern Front. Surely neither the WEST nor RUSSIA wants another bloody war in Europe, for in that case NUCLEAR weapons will be unleashed and the ENTIRE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE of the planet will become " T O A S T ". (And that is the pathetic T R U T H !).

    Reply

  19. Mikhail Gorbachev. I recall a serious drinking party when he brought the cold war to an end. His name was toasted by every serving soldier. A very special man who should be honoured much more than the evil degenerate Lenin.

    Reply

  20. Can the passengers of a ship determine the course of the vessel taking into account only the direction of the winds, sea currents and the height of the waves? Disregarding the captain and his will? – The answer is clear. Likewise, people can not explain past and present events properly, ignoring the existence of God and His will.

    The founder of the state, Lenin hated God, persecuted Christians. This fact condemned his work to failure. Throughout the existence of the Soviets, atheism prevailed in the country, often it was a militant atheism, from which all the calamities of people – terror, hunger, GULAG, murders, bloody wars, occurred. And what was worse – several generations were deprived of the vital Word of God.

    However, according to the Bible, God cannot be mocked. He elevates kings, He removes kings. The collapse of the USSR, no doubt, was a perfect Act of God. Gorbachev, Yeltsin, and others only did the will of the Lord.

    Reply

  21. * MIKHAIL GORBACHEV -PRESIDENT OF THE SOVIET UNION .
    AlWAYS RESPECTED HUMANITY !
    * GORBACHEV IS A GREAT HUMAN BEING ..!

    Reply

  22. Чистый дебил, демократия демократия, чем ты хвастываешься?? Сейчас есть всего лишь осколки ссср, россия под диктаторским режим опят у петербургских бандюганов, а ты говоришь что ты дал демократью народу?? Хоть и при советском союзе были какие-то социальные заслуги, а сейчас?! Иди и плати…
    Эхх ты… тебя еще история рассуждает

    Reply

  23. Mikhail Gorbachev, great politician knocks back the BBC. Stephen Sackur alluded that Putin's has intent at restoring the Soviet Union 8:16 / 24: 18. Gorbie replied: "I think that if he is doing this, then you know more about this than we do." The BBC's the British Broadcasting Corporation, propaganda agent of the British government use every opportunity to try and demonizing Russia. Time and again they fail.

    Reply

  24. Mikhail Gorbachev's views on past and present world political order is still relevant today. I would have liked to ask the former Soviet Union leader questions, that relate to what he saw as the writing on the wall for the Soviet Union before he embarked on introducing perestroika, and glasnost to the people. Pardon the pun; straight from the horse's mouth.

    Reply

  25. Too bad his right mind & great intention was either undermined or abused by the west, jus like the cynicism by the interviewer here. Jesus was misunderstood & falsely accused wasn't he? Why not others too?

    Reply

  26. Personally, I have NO respect or admiration for that pathetic and insignificant bastard, Mikhail Gorbachev! His so-called "reforms" had led to the unfortunate implosion of the Soviet Union. As for the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989, it was a tragedy based on the stupidity and ignorance of the German people who were too intoxicated with the whole celebration of the end of a tragic and farcical era called the Cold War. The same goes for the peoples of Central and Eastern Europe as well. I guess I even find the end of the Cold War probably not worthy of celebration anyway because I HATED it.

    Reply

  27. 😍😍😍😍😍😍😍😍😍🌏🗺👍😎 基督 宇宙共和國 天上的神 要做王世界和平 讓你心軟化 不動手 不引起世界大戰 走人。認真可怕 蘇聯帝國可怕很強的 有 聽到蘇聯 帝國 嚇死 美蘇一樣強大 AcPH

    Reply

  28. You continued as an stupid idiot Gorbachev, You believed that you can change the US DEMOCRACY to what you are calling PEROSTROICA or to end the Cold War, Your signing the document for the collapse of the cold war in your mind while the US president Reagan is very happy smiling while signing his own article paper while in his mind GOOD THIS IDIOT RUSSIAN PRESIDENT OF THE BIGGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD IS VERY STUPID W/O IN MIND THE DEMINISH OF OUR ABSOLUTE ENEMY GOOD FOR THE US, RUSSIA IS FINISH and you almost convince therefore YELTSIN to follow your Perostroika, Your nothing Gorvachev to make Russia to become an idiot Vassals of the US and BRITAIN, of all the time you as a politician do not know yet very well who is US and BRITAIN I remember also in the picture tag the happiness of MARGARETH TATCHER what is in her mind Now only CHINA is the problem w/c are very easy to kneel or kiss our ASS cause the nation can not beat anyone country in the NATO power, IN FACT YOU DESTROYED USSR or only you gained many things from the US, BRITISH and NATO if otherwise therefore just to become an ordinarry USA ( United State Alien ) Citizen But Russia is an ANGEL who forgive and try to remember only w/n it is still the USSR

    Reply

  29. The opportunist Yeltsin stole the regime from Gorbachev by the appeal of Russian nationalism to the Russians and instigation of various nationalisms of different republics within USSR, and Russia in Yeltsin's gang's hands was a corrupted disaster with Jewish Oligarchs and poverished common people, the model is radical neoliberal economic reform imported from the west. And Putin inherited the democratic legacy created by Gorbachev's glasnot and continues his perestroika but with a firmer grasp of things that is more in line with the one thousand years history. So Putin is Gorbachev's true heir.

    Reply

  30. Say what you want about him – but the transition could've been insanely more bloody, so he deserves credit for that without question.

    Reply

  31. Can Gorbachev understand english? It appears that he does very well. I always admired him.

    Reply

  32. Crimea is part of Russia always part of Russia until Khrushchev used it a way of getting support

    Reply

  33. One of the greatest idiots, bunglers, charlatans and renegades in history. Possibly the worst Russian leader ever and might even have been a CIA agent. An example of the disastrous unintended consequences of his leadership was the reunification of Germany without Germany becoming neutral, and US troops departing which was something that Stalin was adamantly opposed to.

    Reply

  34. BBC: you Hard-Talked Gorby?! You put up Sackur – the near-equivalent of Anne Robinson – against an aging statesman?! Well … all I can say is that it was good that he did not make age an issue and … that at no time, during that interview, did he attempt to exploit the youth and inexperience of his counterpart.

    Reply

  35. I have lived in Russia for seven years and I have never met a Russian who likes Gorbachev. Many Russian have a lot of praises for the soviet times. In my view, you can't have rights such as freedom of expression, freedom of worship, variety of domestic and foreign goods, rights to property and still be a citizen of the soviet union. The multi nationality of the soviet union made democracy impossible, because any state that's not Russia would have voted to leave the USSR. Gorbachev was either naive, or he knew all along that his policies will break the soviet union. He gets the trophy of the century for being a PEACEMAKER

    Reply

  36. "The former president of the Soviet Union, architect of the policy of reform and openness which was supposed to revitalise the Soviet empire, but instead hastened its demise."

    It means the "Master Plan" is implemented/executed meticulously much more than the expectations
    of US and the West.

    As a sample test dose, with the active support of US & West, Gorbachev allowed Estonia, Latvia & Luthuania to break away from the USSR begin with, there were not many adverse reactions or revolts from any part of the rest of the country. Gorbachev took this opportunity and implemented his "Master Plan", "the dissolution of USSR and the
    creation of 15 Commonwealth of Independent States". The Super Plan is successfully executed. Without the trace of Communism USSR disinteagrated,Warsaw Pact dissolved, Berlin Wall has fallen, Communism and Socialism vanished
    from European and Eurasian part of the globe. The master minders took it granted that Communism has vanished from the surface of the globe. Gorbachev's mentor and best friend Ronald Regan in particular at the other side of the Atlantic and at this side the Western Leaders in general thrilled and celebrated – They have done "Business with
    Gorbachev".

    Gorbachev has done his job precisely and meticulously, handed over the power to Boris Yeltsin with a pre-condition
    to bail him out and the faithful Yalstin reciprocated accordingly. The easy-going and inefficient Yalstin has not trusted anyone, but finally passed on the mantle of Russian Federation with a brand new Political System to Vladimir Putin, the spymaster.

    The man who witnessed the fall of Berlin Wall undertook the responsibility, started running the country
    with utmost sincerity with the inherited political system. Today Russia is moving in the right direction under his leadership giving importance to Agriculture, Industrialization, IT, AI etc. etc. to become self-sufficient in everything.
    Russia is again a Military Super Power. I believe Russia surpassed US in terms of Military Power.

    Recently President Xi Jinping said Vladimir Putin is my best friend. The growing co-operation, understanding and friendship of Russia & China giving shock waves to the US and the West. They know that nothing can match
    if China and Russia are together, the No. 1 Economy & the No. 1 Military Power. There is total silence in the air.

    Reply

  37. Everytime i watch a video like this i almost feel the age of it and the weirdest thing is that even if its few months it's kinda very obvious…

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *