Communism & Socialism – What are the main differences?

Communism & Socialism – What are the main differences?


Hello everyone! I am Simone and welcome to my channel! In this video I will try to explain in a
simple and practical way the main differences between communism and socialism On this subject, there are about two centuries full of academic studies, research papers, manifestos, books, schools of thought, ideologies. For this reason I won’t go too much into details of political and economic philosophy However, if you have any specific question, just leave a comment and I will
try to answer your queries! Communism and socialism were both born in Europe in the period of the Industrial Revolution, during the first half of the 19th century They were created largely as a response to a period in which new economic opportunities allowed entrepreneurs to become extremely wealthy often by exploiting their workers Communist and socialist ideas
try to bring a social and economic system different from the dominant capitalism.
They were trying to abolish extreme private property accumulation
identified as the main cause of the terrible misery of the working class To do that they try to create collective cooperation and social and economic equality among people Through different processes both movements consider the current situation unsustainable Strong social pressures influenced by these ideas resulted in drastic changes in the society and history This greatly influenced the word of the words from the 20th century, until today The terms communism and socialism were initially interchangeable They began to differ from 1848 when two German philosophers, Karl Marx and Frederich Engels, exiled in London, published there the “Communist Manifesto”. They split the term of Socialism between
“utopian” and “scientific” In their idea, “scientific socialism” came eventually to represent the real communism There were several criticism by Marx and Engels to this form of utopian socialism The main criticism was the fact that utopian socialism intended to obtain the support only of educated middle classes for its cause, by avoiding almost entirely the support ofthe working class although the working class was the one being affected the most by the deleterious effect of the industrial revolution For the two philosophers the term socialism identified in the idea of communism had to get the support of the
working class and the proletariat Only this condition would allow revolutionising the capitalist system dominated by the upper-middle class For this reason communism is denoted as a revolutionary movement In fact Engels stated that socialism was a bourgeois movement while communism was a real revolutionary movement so strong to be able to change the course of the history Contrary to what many people would think, there had never been a purely communist state Yes, countries like Soviet Union,
China, Vietnam, Cuba, and North Korea are the closest examples in history although none of them has fully achieved, or has yet reached, a purely communist structure Similarly, socialism has never been fully
adopted in any country Some countries like Scandinavian and Western European ones, as well as Canada, have adopted many socialist policies in their systems, for example free public health care and education The role of government is dominant in many key services, but the system still has very strong
capitalistic economic structures and tradition This setup is called “mixed economy” Here are the main differences between socialism and communism Remuneration The fundamental difference is that under
communism individuals are provided or compensated according to their needs,
decided by the central government In socialism, the individuals are
compensated based on their individual contribution to the society So, people work harder or smarter will receive more than those who do not contribute at all This difference highlights a key flow in the communist model where no one is motivated to work harder or smarter, as it would have no
direct impact or benefit on individual Property Communism considers all
properties at public so, there are no personal properties owned by the individual In socialism, on the other hand, all industrial and productive capacities would be owned and managed in a way shared between the government and the people Socialism is at the center of an economic philosophy, while communism also influences politics Religion Communism rejects any religion by abolishing the same idea of organized religions by promoting the idea of state atheism In socialism, religious freedom is allowed.
Although the system promotes an official secularism, religion is not actually forbidden. It promotes more an idea of separatiom of powers between the religion organizations and the state Social Classes Communism aims at the complete abolition and destruction of class distinctions because all citizens are treated equally Socialism tries to minimize class distinction, but they would continue to exist This is because citizens through
hard work and social mobility can accumulate more wealth than others can Capital and Revolution Communism considers the transition from capitalism as a violent revolution It involves the proletarian working class rising up against the upper-middle class
to destroy the system and to rebuild it In Marxist ideology, socialism and communism became two phases of the revolution The first phase is the socialist one, where through the nationalization of the private properties the dictatorship of the proletariat will be enstablished This will end the domination and exploitation of the society by the capitalist upper-middle class This phase is followed by the communist phase, where the idea of class society will be abolished and the new concept of state created Socialism considers the transition from capitalism through a series of economic and social processes They would ensure social equality to all
citizens in socialism one belonging to a low class would still be able to excel
and advance in the society however his children should work as much as he did to achieve results This is because in this system, the state promotes equal opportunities for everyone Today, many countries in the Western World have adopted and evolved concept of socialism called “democratic socialism” In this case the democratic power of the people and the socialist nature of the government
balance harmoniously Democratic socialism originated by applying socialist ideas to liberal democratic systems This happened after the Second
World War in the Western world The most important component was the progressive inclusion of welfare state structures consisting of many forms of social
protection However, the welfare state was not an exclusive invention of socialism Its origin was the result of mature capitalist systems adopting some
socialist cardinal principles in response to social and economic tensions and challenges The major examples were the ones of Franklin Delano Roosevelt
and his “New Deal” and the one William Henry Beveridge of welfare state expansion The first emerged in the United States during the Roosevelt presidential mandate in the middle of the 1930s This was in response to the big economic
crisis of 1929 known as the “Great Depression” It represented the modern prototype of the welfare state The Beveridge doctrine emerged after the Second World War in teh United Kingdom It aimed to expand the welfare state
through state and fiscal budget financing In essence, democratic socialism stemmed from a political compromise between the capitalist market principles and the demands of social justice advanced by the labor movement In simple terms, the integration between socialism and liberalism that seemed impossible in the 19th century became a reality and allowed socialist forces to join democratic systems It redeemed mostof the European socialist parties from the matrix of marxist orthodoxy and revolutionary ideology In this way, the original socialist principle of transforming the society through the adoption of social and economic reforms and processes was achieved In other words, the welfare state came to represent the real “Cultural Revolution” Centuries of struggle for equality and social rights were finally achieved It existed in a system where the state had limited presence in certain key sectors
living room for free and private initiative This egalitarian forms of mixed economy
are now present in almost all the political systems of Western Europe,
Scandinavia and Canada In this context, the socialist parties effectively transforming themselves in Social Democratic parties managed to cut the ties with socialist and communist revolutionary forces They were able to reform the society from inside rather than destroying and rebuilding it in a violent way Ok people, that’s all for the day! Please let me know your impressions and opinions I would like to leave you with a
question: do you know that even in a country like the US, with such a strong
capitalist ideology there exist communist and socialist parties? If you
know that drop their names in the comment section and we could discuss
further!

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