DIA’s John Hughes televised brief on Soviet missiles in Cuba.

DIA’s John Hughes televised brief on Soviet missiles in Cuba.


Good afternoon ladies and gentleman. In
recent days questions have been raised in the press
and elsewhere regarding the presence of anti weapon
systems in cuba I believe beyond any reasonable doubt that all such weapons systems have been
removed from the island and not have been reintroduced. It’s our
purpose to show you this afternoon the evidence
on which we base that conclusion Since July 1 over 400 reconnaissance flights have
been flown over the island of Cuba by US military aircraft. These reconnaissance
flights provided the essential basis for the national decisions taken with
respect to Cuba in October They provided the basis for the military
preparations necessary to support those decisions they provided the evidence we were able
to present the world to document the basis and the rationale
our action reconnaissance flights recorded the
removal of the offensive weapon systems from Cuba and they continue to provide
the foundation for our conclusion that such
weapons systems have not been reintroduced and to the island. Mister John Hughes the
special assistant to General Caroll the director of our Defense Intelligence Agency will now present to you a detailed
photographic review of the introduction of Soviet military personnel and equipment into Cuba with
particular emphasis on the introduction and removal of the
offensive weapon systems Mister Hughes. Ladies and gentleman this is the
historic photograph of the Cuban crisis it was acquired with a high-altitude
aircraft moving south-north over the western
sector the island of Cuba in the early morning hours of 14 October 1962 note if you will that the
photograph appears gray in color and tone the reason is the early morning hour and
we are also observing at this time a soviet MRBM
unit that apparently recently has just arrived in the area as the photo interpreters and
intelligence analysts carefully review this
photography on 15 October they noted 8 large missile transporters, 4 at this location, 3 at this location and a single one at this particular
location. In addition the Soviets had already deployed in a
tentative firing position 4 erector launchers.
One here, one here, another one here, and a fourth
one at this location. No doubt the Soviets were employing the field
expedient and making every effort to achieve an
operational capability at these sites as quickly as possible. Lines of
propellant vehicles were observed standing nearby note however the absence of any
expensive trackage or activity. In addition to finding field MRBMs deployed in Cuba considerable
concern was evoked on 17 October 1962 when high altitude cover provided the
first positive identification of a fixed intermediate-range launching site in the area of Guanajay and later in the area of Remedios. Two 4 launcher fixed sites were identified in the Guanajay area, one of which is
shown on this aerial photograph. There are four
launching positions. One here another here and two others at these
locations. They are paired and focused on a central control bunker.
Conduits lead from the central bunker area to the center of each of the pads. Notice that vehicle shelter equipment which must remain in the launch position during firing are nearing completion at these
locations at this time and missile servicing building Israel
and nearing completion while a nuclear warhead storage bunker as having the final touches accomplished
with regard to roof construction an assessment was made by the
intelligence community to the effect that the field Mr BM site san cristobal and stock on the ground a were designed
a fire the 1100 nautical mile soviet medium-range ballistic missile
this particular weapon deployed in cuba could reach all key target areas in the
southeastern United States and such other important cities as
Washington Saint Louis and our included within the
range in the weapon fired from these Mr BM site also was the Panama Canal the 2200 nautical mile intermediate range
ballistic missile could reach most key target areas in the north North
American continent with the exception of a small portion farther north western section of the
state of Washington all alaska he countries in the northwestern portion
of South America also came within range in this
particular weapon system the president directed that beginning 23 October 1962 on the day following his address to the nation but
United States military aircraft be directed in a low altitude more against the soviet happens the bases on
the island of Cuba in order to provide us more finite data on the nature of the weapon systems
being deployed the reconnaissance versions of the US Air Force 101 and the
Navy F a few were selected for this
particular mission and are shown here these aircraft swept
in at altitudes well below 1000 think and
copper soviets by surprise on 23 October 1962 airs the launching
site at san cristobal number one the missile
rector is under canvas cover at this location
but telltale cabling ledesma launch point to the cover generator
command-and-control equipment and they wanted sector for the upper
right on this photograph a metal shelter tent measuring 100 feet
in life and 17 statewide has been completed this
is the place where the missile was cap and kept
perfectly toned prior to that time when it might be
recut acquired at the launching position itself the soviets respond quickly to our low altitude after their back camouflage and concealment where
possible here at san cristobal site number one we observed three soviet Mr BM national on transport 1 office location and two in the lower portion on the photograph
note if you will that the soviets obstruction tarpaulin over these national and then may have
taken much for pain and disruptive Lee smeared across these
problems in order to break up a natural outline other Sullenberger object that lies
beneath in addition to can discover and disruptive painting the
soviet also attempt camouflage nets are strung across these two missile
again in an attempt to break up a natural
outline the cylindrical object lines in a we note that in addition to the single
missile shelter tent formally found at the site a second
missile shelter tent is also being constructed at the launch position a
rare this second campus for the reef I
wrestle the soviets intend to provide a refund capability for each other firing
position in the upper portion of this photograph you will see a firing position being
improved white rectangular area as a concrete
launch pad on which director will soon be in place
Germany intelligence community reported that on 28 October 1962 the soviet did achieve a fall operational
capability for all Mr BM facilities in cuba this is on the morning of the 28th this
report is being made in addition the report that based on an
analysis on the rate of construction they observe at the Irem site the soviet are aiming
toward fall operational capability for I RVM facilities by 15 December 1962 the I really are this particular graphic is there the
intelligence analysts reporter based on their study in photography that
the soviets on this day had reached full operational readiness
for Mr p.m. site as you know now as I know mister
khrushchev on 28 October 1962 agreed to dismantle these bases that on
that day where just-completed the job but now
confronted the reconnaissance planners in the
military Department was determined and main to monitor the dismantling are they I R and Mr VM site in cuba and two verify the removal up the mess or
comptroller from the hour ladies and gentleman in
addition to moving equipment away from the Mr BM launch site the soviets Matt
Barkley destroyed defect facilities in the
vicinity on the firing position better sign crystal ball site number two a few days earlier this was
like concrete large pair this area also where the
concrete launch pad soviet bulldozers have churned back in for disrupting your and leaving
only chunks of concrete remaining soviet
bulldozers at this location have churned back in for and broken up the site so
they are all that remain art chunks concrete in addition to
removing equipment from the site areas and in a Asian to destroying the fixed facilities
in the vicinity of the launching positions the soviets carefully cleared all the remaining operational
equipment and debris from their site location the job again
confronting the reconnaissance planners during this particular phrase was to ensure that the missile equipment
the national companies that were being removed from the launch site area what being taken to poor and removed
from the island of Cuba and not simply being redeployed some
other location or hidden at some other location
high-altitude aircraft swept the island and all the naval
facilities work and seaports were carefully check ladies
and gentleman the United States did not Justin sure that the missile alone left the island
of Cuba we ensured that the missile system left the island obscure all compliment that system work carefully counted as
they left the site area as they reach the port motor pool they
were loaded on soviet ships here’s one only parking
area near the port of mariel one appear area
here we observe and carefully count with lol to photography the story oxidizer trailers from the MRB
am site the soviet fueling trailer from the MRB
am site other fueling an oxidizer trailers are
shown at these locations the specially configured I RBM fueling trailer noted gonna hi number one they’re also counted and
tabulated as they move into the area prior to shipment away from the
island missiles including for Mr B and under can discover and under on a transporter are noted in the upper
left corner on the photograph a few days later we
checked the pork a sale on 6 November the missile Mr BMF along transporters have been moved southward from not
temporary storage area and fixing them have been placed on the
soviet ships kurchatov carava sex muscle under can discover and
back loaded on this particular ship the ship is nearing the completion of a floating
cycle forward hatch covers are closed rear hatch is are being closed and here soviet crewmen and technicians are
waiting in line or go up to gang have planks again way
here in loading me ship itself note the ship
is under steam about to move away we will observe their
ship leave this harbor area in a few hours shadow is cash prior our apt 101 reconnaissance aircraft as
it moves you know which target area at 603 the next day the culture shock waves and another ship
moved in the console here again we had this type photography to stay with the soviets we’re loading
on their ships and to ensure that indeed the missile systems we’re
leaving the island we can carefully monitor the directors
thing fall down from Cybertron day count them and see them loaded on soviet
ships one of which is backloaded at this location we can actually see into the whole on
the soviet ships and can see the equipment which includes
fueling trailers already placed there by large crane when a ship reached the area and the
quarantine United States surface crack an aircraft defect inspection as United
States destroyer 8784 alongside the soviet ships bogalusa of
cuba the soviet crewmen hair back the park
uncover exposing they soviet Mr VM on transporter any a helicopter stand of
the soviet ships rock and hear the carbon cover has been
pulled back exposing the soviet Mr Gamble is the
poster minus nose como it measures sixty feet
in length and as tightly wrapped in an all weather
protective covering the soviets removed there forty two
missiles from Cuba on these HS in these numbers from the sport on these day 5 through 9 November the next most
serious problem confronting the United States following the removal of the
offences missiles from the island of Cuba was the
continued deployment and assembly and the Soviet bingo I L 28 bomber this particular bomber could
carry a bomb load in excess of 6,000 pounds to Rangers out near 600 Arabia to a radius of about 600 nautical mile
it could reach key target area in the southeastern United States forty through these on a sample bombers were
delivered to the island of Cuba during the next few days in and wakes we observed with high and low altitude photography the progress with the Soviet
and acumen in assembling these particular bombers
as I mentioned earlier at mandatory on-air failed 33 ABI unassembled bombers were delivered in
crate obeys 33 13 were broken out in the crate and assembly begun Arby’s Burger King 7 reach them final assembly stages and
were considered as pliable an hour these 7 for were considered to
be the trainer version so frankly the soviets the
cubans never reach full or operational status or
readiness with their offense Obama’s on the island
of Cuba prior to their being removed chairman kruschev agree to dismantle the bombers and remove them from the
island on 20 November the job again on the reconnaissance aircraft was to
provide the main or to be the main to monitor disassembly
unabomber and to verify the removal other comp on
it from the island again the high-altitude aircraft swept the island
they search the the port area to determine which
ones would be used for the a the removal of soviet often for
bombers from the island they checked the roadways the rail head finally it was found that the
Soviets were moving the Park is the largest from home game to
the poor are no way a top in eastern Cuba and the
bombers that were located at soundly on airfield in western Cuba were being moved to the port marry are
the soviet ships captain of the Park Marriott on 5
December with 15 more I’ll 28 bombers deck loaded 11 are in
crates and for are under canvas cover at these locations gentleman these ships when they reach the area requiring pain
are inspected by United States Naval Surface crap in aircraft care in
response to a request a captain in the soviet ships that he
permit inspection and counting on the Soviet bomber so it happened direct that the crew to
dismantle on the deck for the ship’s shipping
crates the end sections are Paul rock and the top sections are stripped back
exposing the I’ll 28 use a large crate gentleman all forty through bombers observed in cuba
that were later observed exploded on soviet ships were inspected in this
manner and all 42 of them some of which were in
freights were fully exposed as they departed cuba with
regard to the bomber threat than three soviet ships ya kak capping off and crash into grad removed a forty two
bombers observer family on and hoping airfield from the
island of Cuba port selected were no way with our and
Mary L and the ship departed cuba on this
particular day soviet deployed five categories a defense the weapon systems on the island
beginning sometime in August and September the air defense systems that were deployed
included the surface to air missile known as the FAA to it also included the
high-performance interceptor fighter North make 21 K or critical coastal areas were protected
five total offense cruise missile system appointed porno an additional possible location in
addition guided missile patrol boat provided a mobile launching capability
for any shipping work when 12 call more class patrol boats
were delivered to the island and finally soviet ground forces at four
locations have also been identified on the island
of Cuba and there with their equipment are still
found on the island color photography was employed with great success over these locations in cuba hair the
color view of the soviet sam site at La Coloma cuba again the characteristic growth pattern
and the specs centrally positioned firing position I should say sex firing
positions focused on a centrally located guidance area notice if you well that
three missiles are uncovered one here another here and another here in addition to the deployment
surface-to-air missile the soviets also deployed in fewer the
fish fed make 21 fighter interceptor this
particular aircraft is equipped with air missiles can reach
out to the forty thousand be and speed the one thousand not on 10
November Laura to photography provided us
something interesting and new concerning the soviet make 21 aircraft
in cuba we found interestingly enough near these aircraft on these day air on
this day a rare metal here’s the AA to soviet air
missile with a range sex nautical mile its position near the doubt the way anger configured mig-21
aircraft the soviet crew is placing a larger beneath the rate the way launcher rack
came Beach areas in cuba are defended by Coast
offense cruise missile these metal
aerodynamically configured and have a range of forty nautical mile we have for confirmed operational right wanted bonnets in eastern Cuba wanna think when I am on the Isle of Pines and
to confirm fight in the vicinity of her havana Santa Cruz del Norte and capital
Libertad an actual photograph I wanna typical operational fights as
shown here like when I am on the Isle prime here
the soviet to hire promontory on the island they’ve
closed it down then nameplate to missile firing
positions into which were provided one here and one here inside was the 34 quite long rail launcher uncovered at
this location and cameras covered at this location the
guided-missile patrol boat nickname the car more force deployed to
naval base in Cuba one Marriott in the West and worked well are a titty boats were identified and on us in the East where for the boat
have been identified this is an enlargement got that pier
area from our Laura to photography the park the call
more votes measure eighty three feet in white they waste 66 time and on the aft and they have to missile
firing cannisters these characters measured 23 in line the missile fired from this
boat is estimated to have a ranger 10-15 nautical mile it primarily I’m
mobile at a shipping missile launching platform soviet ground forces were deployed in cuba sometime after mid-september the first
photographic evidence we have these ground force locations came on 17 October they are deployed at for major and several smaller location each of these locations is characterized
by a highly mobile armored have group include
assault gun thanks tackle rocket launchers anytime
weapon and a motorized infantry battalion in addition at these four locations we
find a modern soviet P-fifty four tanks with hundred
millimeter gun 35 to 40 these thanks identified each
other locations parity 54 tanks under canvas cover and here are the t54 tanks uncovered with hatch is open soviet crews working
on them and to being rotated more modern soviet
brown force fighting equipment was also observed here’s a tactical rocket launcher the
fraud in a soviet more poor garrison area at Remedios here’s the reef iron metal
on metal transporter along with your Associated guidance
equipment notice if you will on this graphic other more modern soviet
equipment including 500 30 millimeter rocket launchers here the standard ask you one hundred assault
gun and other T-fifty four tanks under
canvas cover in addition to carefully monitoring the
remaining defense the forces on the island of Cuba
United States reconnaissance aircraft have affected continuous surveillance a
former Soviet offers have met so am bomber basic in conclusion ladies and gentlemen there is little
doubt that the Soviet Union then embarked upon a bold venture to
establish clandestinely a major offensive weapons bay in the Western Hemisphere that the
United States was able to turn this effort and is now able to monitor the remaining defensive
forces is in large part attributable to the reconnaissance
photography that we have reviewed this afternoon thank you and some great and mighty down on we have recorded the Andrea soviet of anti weapon systems and
a cuban and we’ve recorded their removal in
addition we reported the introduction to queue up substantial quantities of
soviet not right person our and soviet not to
require the fancy bar Soviet military personnel on the island including technicians increased we blame to a total of
approximately 22,000 by roughly the 1st November that total is mister heroes reporting to: has been reduced by the
disembarkation removal out about five thousand-man from cuba and
their shipment to the soviet union leaving a
total of about 17,000 Soviet military personnel
including technicians in cuba today included in that total
seventeen thousand are for soviet combat forces each force approximating 1000 1250 man in strain roughly 5,000
man in total for the four forces each for being the equivalent
approximately a 10 by reinforce battalions recently are required since has revealed
that certain equipment at the soviet combat forces namely that associated with the tactical
rocket units has also starred to be mowed out on the island back to the Soviet
Union the United States maintains a continuing an effective high-altitude
surveillance program covering the island cuba photographic coverage on
the entire character I a few other is obtained at least once a week bad coverage provide surveillance a key
areas or areas airfields naval bases cruise missile sites soviet ground force
garrisons and certainly the navy blue just two
call centers in addition to this we play island wide coverage individual
high-altitude flights for more detailed coverage %uh specific objectives are scheduled one ever receive
intelligence indicates the need for such additional
reconnaissance low-level reconnaissance aircraft a cap
on a 24-hour alert basis for years whenever
required and supplementing this program the reconnaissance aircraft the United
States Navy continue to photograph also be a shipping arriving or departing from cuba the Soviet Union did attempt to establish clandestinely a major offensive weapons base in this
hemisphere United States was able to turn to
Safford and United States is now monitoring the
remaining soviet personnel and equipment in cuba through reconnaissance
activities at the type which we have describe to you today

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