History bubble soviet Armenia

History bubble soviet Armenia


Hello and welcome to the seventh episode of
history bubble armenia. last episode the Soviets had just conquered the short lived first republic
of armenia. But this was promised to be much bigger then
it became including Nakhchivan, Nagorno-Karabakh and the armenian salient but these regions
were instead given to azerbaijan. but after a failed coup attempt by the Dashnaks,
the dominant party of the first republic the plotters fled to the Armenian salient and
after a few months of fighting got the area to be included in the Armenian SSR rather
than the azerbaijani one. This revolt Was mostly done because of the
soviets reform to nationalize everything from companies to food and furniture by confiscating
it from the local populace. Seeing the ineffectiveness of these policies
and the inexperienced local authorities the government of armenia was switched for a more
moderate one or as moderate as soviets go. the implementation of New economic policy
in the soviet union allowed small companies in the country which helped armenia. along with getting food and better education
things were somewhat looking up for Armenia at least compared to how they had it before. But for the Armenian Church it things did
not look great as communism is against religion. but everything became much worse when Stalin
came to power. the New economic policy was removed and the
forced industrialization happening all across the country also affected armenia. everything from Farms and the industry became
owned by the state which led to the quick modernization of the union although to the
detriment of its starving citizens who worked way too long day under terrible conditions. the situation for the Armenian church got
even worse especially during the great purge. the great purge was a series of executions
and political repression against anyone not fully with the government. In Armenia most victims were killed for their
alleged allegiance to Trotskyism o0r the Dashnaks. many of those executed were members of the
Armenian communist party of intellectuals who could face a threat but most were just
ordinary workers and peasants. there were also deportation of mainly muslim
armenians from georgia and Armenia to central asia. but soon the second world war started
and Armenia joined being part of the soviet union. although no fighting occurred in Armenia estimates
of 400 000 Armenians fought in the war half of whom never returned and the country was
put to work providing food and materiel to the front. after their victory in the war many Armenians
put forth the idea of invading Turkey to retake traditionally armenian lands. the soviets even started putting troops on
the border. but because of Turkey’s improving relations
with the west and the fear of war and nuclear weapons these plans were scrapped. After the large loss of life in armenia after
the Soviets allowed immigration of Armenians in other countries to Armenia even offering
to pay for the trip and special benefits such as food coupons. but when they entered the country almost all
of their carried belongings were confiscated. Many natives also despised the newcomers treating
them poorly recognized by the different dialects. But after Stalin’s death many of his reforms
were reverted and religion and nationalism was not as strictly prohibited. this made armenia’s situation improve but
it wouldn’t last long as this new leader was overthrown leading to a period of stagnation
within armenia as many of the new reforms were reversed. but during the mid 80’s this also changed
with a new soviet leader who opened up the soviet economy more and made the government
more transparent. But these more open policies also gave people
more freedom of speech so the large Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh expressed their
concerns regarding the region being part of the Azerbaijan SSR. this soon led to that
the parliament of Nagorno-Karabakh voting in favor of a transfer from the Azerbaijani
SSR to the Armenian one. the Armenians complained that no media or
even schools used the Armenian language and the Azerificaton of the region that had made
it so now the Armenians only consisted of about a third of the population while they
previously had held a clear majority. large protest started in Yerevan for the unification
with Artsakh while they made a counter demonstration in Baku. but the leader of the Soviet Union
came out saying that the borders would not change. But soon the protest took a turn for the worse
as when a azerbaijani protest was held in Artsakh when police was called in as it became
more destructive culminating in to dead azerbaijanis. things became even worse in the city of Sumqayit
were mobs of Azeris attacked and killed the local armenian resulting in 32 dead 26 of
whom were Armenians. the Soviets tried to make a compromise giving
Artsakh more autonomy and introducing Armenian media and textbooks but this was not enough
for the armenians. Burt soon they had a larger concern as a major
earthquake hit northern Armenian killing between 25 000 and 50 thousand people mainly hurting
the cities of Spitak, Vanadzor and Gyumri. Following the Earthquake huge amounts of humanitarian
aid was required ant thus the Soviets for the first time since the cold war asked the
US for help. They and over a hundred other countries helped. Following the chaos of the earthquake the
soviet arrested many prominent Artsakh politicians. nagorno-Karabakh soon became the prominent
subject and the two countries tried to force the other nationality out of their countries
leading to large scale deportations of Armenians and Azerbaijanis. During these deportations over 200 Azeris
are estimated to have been killed by Armenians while a similar number of Armenians had been
killed by mob in Azerbaijan. these deportations and migrations has changed
the once very mixed ethnic and religious layout of the of the south caucasus to to very homogenous
areas. Later the Soviet central government also took
control of Nagorno-Karabakh to try to calm the situation. But tensions were still growing as Armenia
embargoed the Nakhichevan autonomous republic and Azerbaijani nationalists sabotaged the
Armenian railways that were giving them 80% of their imports. As another large mob started killing armenians
in Baku the Soviets had gotten sent in military forces to take control of the city leaving
120 dead Azeris. Small raids soon started to occur on the borders
between the nations with the Armenians even conducted bombing raids but these were stopped
by the soviets. Russia had also just been taken over by a
non Communist government so the Soviets now held a vote if the federation was to be dissolved
and all republicans voted for, But the Armenians and some other republics boycotted the election
but later held their own declaring their independence. But while in the process of becoming independent
the both nations started gathering weapons to gather for the supposed future conflicts. To try to stop the Armenians from doing this
the Azerbaijanis asked the Soviets for help which they got but instead of disarming the
Armenians they deported many from the northern Karabakh region. to try to hinder a full scale war from breaking
out Russia and Kazakhstan tried to make the two countries come to an agreement and they
almost did but in the middle of the negotiations a helicopter carrying Azeri, Russian and a
Kazakhstani politicians was shot down ending the peace talks. this happened just after the official Armenian
declaration of independence and soon after the Azerbaijanis did as well. The Soviet Union was also soon formally dissolved. And with that i will end this episode with
the Armenians and Azerbaijanis on the verge of war just after independence.

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