Racism in the United States: By the Numbers

Racism in the United States: By the Numbers


Good morning Hank, it’s Tuesday.
I want to talk about racism today, but I’m already pretty nervous, because, one, I am
definitely not an expert and, two, racism is big and complex and nuanced and the Internet
— god bless it — doesn’t really specialize in nuance.
But a bunch of recent surveys have shown that about 75% of white Americans do not think
that there is racial bias in the criminal justice system, and a slight majority of white
Americans don’t think that racism is a significant problem in America. But so far as I can tell,
Hank, whether systemic bias against African-Americans exists in the United States is not really
a debatable point, so I want to look today at some data.
OK, let’s begin with the criminal justice system. So last year, the US Sentencing Commission
released a report showing that African American men’s prison sentences were, on average, 20%
longer than white men’s prison’s sentences when they were convicted of similar crimes.
And in fact, in the past decade, the racial gap in sentencing has been widening.
Also, black people and white people use illegal drugs at almost identical rates, but black
people are three times more likely to be arrested for drug possession.
Also, African Americans are far more likely to be stopped and searched by police, at least
in the jurisdictions that keep good records, even though, in many cases, the contraband
hit rate — the chance that an officer will find something actually illegal — is higher
among white people. By the way, there’s links about all this stuff
in the dooblydoo. But there’s just so much, Hank, I mean, people
convicted of crimes and then later exonerated by DNA evidence are disproportionately black.
Black kids are more likely to be tried as adults than white kids and more likely to
be sentenced to life in prison, and even after release, black former inmates are less likely
to get callbacks from potential employers than white former inmates, regardless of the
crime committed. Speaking of which, let’s turn to the job market.
So one of the things that makes it so hard to isolate race when trying to study it is
that so many other factors are at work in systemic injustice, right? Like, there’s class
and health and wealth, none of which are fully separable from race. But — OK, so a large
2004 University of Chicago study submitted thousands of resumes to a huge variety of
employers, and all the resumes were completely identical — except for the applicant’s name.
It could be Emily or Brendan or Lakisha or Jamal, and Lakisha and Jamal got 50% fewer
callbacks than Emily and Brendan, despite having literally identical resumes. Hank,
I’m pretty sure that’s about race. In fact, studies consistently show racial
bias in employment and hiring in the US, and also around the world, but I only have four
minutes, so links in the dooblydoo! In education, again, the evidence of systemic
bias is pretty overwhelming. For instance, among American high schools with mostly black
and Latino students, only 74% offer Algebra II as a class; just 66% offer chemistry…
the percentages for mostly white schools are much higher.
When it comes to healthcare, you could write a book about racial bias, and in fact, people
have, but I’ll just quote from an American College of Physicians report from 2010:
“Overwhelming evidence shows that racial and ethnic minorities are prone to poorer-quality
healthcare than white Americans, even when factors such as insurance status are controlled.”
And as the reports point out, by some measures, including life expectancy, which is really
the ultimate measure, the disparity has been increasing for decades.
Now, Hank, I want to be clear that most of this research establishes correlations, which
isn’t the same thing as causation. Like, certainly the tremendous economic inequality right now
in the United States is a factor in racial disparities. But then of course, race also
factors into class and economic status. Like, for instance, much of the racial wealth
disparity in the US is due to inheritance: white people are far more likely to inherit
money and land than black people are, and that’s due in large part to the fact that
for almost all of American history, it was basically impossible for African Americans
to accrue wealth. Now, Hank, I’m obviously just scratching the
surface here, but to deny the existence of systemic racism is to deny a huge body of
evidence indicating that racial bias affects almost every facet of American life.
Hank, the last thing I want to say is that, while I think statistics and data are really
important, I also think it’s important to listen to the voices of the people who have
been affected by racism. Data is cold in a way that humans are not, and to really understand
these statistics, and their impact on the real lives of real people, we need to find
ways to listen to those people. Hank, I’ve put together a playlist and some
links in the dooblydoo as a start. Hank, I’ll see you on Friday.

100 Comments on "Racism in the United States: By the Numbers"


  1. Each race except whites is always racist. The only way forward? Whites must also be racist. Whites must accept racism without shame. Racism is just pattern recognition. Racism is realism. Whites must proclaim themselves realist. They must also embrace hate, a clean, honest emotion. Hate is a weapon to protect those you love. Segregation is the only moral solution.

    Reply

  2. I'm white I don't know any rich white people I don't know anybody who has ever gotten anything from inheritance why do people keep talking about it like this is a thing….

    Reply

  3. I smoke weed, I never smoke outside in the streets.
    Blacks in NYC smoke weed in every street, no surprise they are more arrested

    Reply

  4. Can we get a black person to talk about this. Im not comfortable listening to a racist white person.

    Reply

  5. How many white people hold positions of power in Africa? There is millions of white Africans but they will be killed if they live in Guine, Angola ETC.

    Reply

  6. And Fuckin help black people.
    Shit!! white people been listening and listening responding and saying sorry. Yall ain't doing shit but saying "we should come together " or " I don't see color". What's the point of you speaking about statistics about black and white people when nothing you say is going to change anything in America? If you don't have a plan to ACTUALLY help, just forget it…

    Reply

  7. Racism provides a basis and "a situation which, if allowed to drift, will, cause the streets of American cities to run with blood" – Citadel of Faith, 1947-1957, Baha'i Faith

    Reply

  8. When it comes to the resume name study. That's been debunked by better studies. A big prob w/ it was that it didn't account for class being showed in each name. The names they chose were low class black names vs regular class white names

    Also, much of what you said were like observations that you implied were racist. There are lots of explanations for those things other than racism

    Reply

  9. Racism will never end from people's minds, it's impossible !! The only thing which can be done is end racism in 'actions'. Even if you think in a biased way, you shouldn't act on it

    Reply

  10. The reason why racism still exists today is because a handful of people of color set a bad example. Yesterday this black guy verbally assulted my husband on the street and said a few choice words to him but my husband didn't do anything wrong but asked him a question.

    Reply

  11. Calling people racist is the new N word to call whites, it seems, and people of color appear to have gained the privilege of accusing anyone of being racist any time they want with complete impunity instead of going to the real problem. You be a racist, is what one man told me when I didn't like his character, then I saw the youtube videos he was watching on breaks at work, most of them were all about how the whites are oppressing blacks and on and on…. He's the racist, his whole life revolves around race. Too much is blamed on race instead of individuals taking responsibility for their own issues or behavior when things don't work out well in a relationship. Is it racist to say this or post my displeasure of hearing so much being called racism today when the core issues go much deeper? Race is genetic history, what we each are as an individual is what counts now, not tribalism. If so many problems are believed to be based on race, you will never see what the real problem is to correct it, then trapped in your own negative mindset.

    Reply

  12. But the fact is that on average blacks are MUCH more racist than Whites are. They seem to hate everyone that is not the color they are. Just part of their DNA to be filled with hatred I suppose.

    Reply

  13. I've read many reports from my African American brothers and sisters of what it feels like to live in our society. I've read many times that they feel that the color of their skin is noticed first and that they feel immediately stereotyped. Yes I do notice the color of skin. Right away. But I love it. Wow so many beautiful shades of people. It's hard not to stare sometimes. Wow! But no, I don't immediately have a presumption except that I know they have suffered differently than I and I feel sorry. There is one thing that I experience as a white. I've noticed when I walk down the street and if there is a group of black youths on a corner that I feel very uncomfortable. I am self conscience and think they only see my skin color and guess things about me. I want to say hello like I do with any strangers but I'm afraid they don't like me and won't welcome my "hello".
    I'm not sure because of the different ways in which we have suffered if they will welcome me.
    As I pass I feel helpless and stupid and sad. This is the nature of my racism. I don't feel like I belong. My solution is to imagine that I do and fearlessly act like myself and say hello.

    Reply

  14. the reputation of black people is not good that's why people prefer not to have them work for them it's not an individual basis deal it is an image that is portrayed

    Reply

  15. why are blacks the only problem with image success and then everything else on every level they score the lowest lowest

    Reply

  16. This country is based off racism.
    Capitalism would fall without free or cheap labor . America would fall without slavery.
    It went from
    1400s Indentured servants
    1600"s African slaves
    1900's free prison labor
    1900's illegals along the southern border working for pennies.
    2000's cheap overseas labor in China and India

    Reply

  17. Alright, Mr. Nuance…is that sentencing discrepancy factoring in prior convictions? Sentencing tends to be harsher for recidivists, and blacks with records usually have more than one or two minor infractions.

    Reply

  18. My family and I were watching TV, and a commercial with a woman wearing a hijab came on and my dad said: "Oh shut up, you f*cking terrorist."

    Reply

  19. Black skin ✊🏿
    Dark skin ✊🏾
    Light skin ✊🏼
    White skin ✊🏻

    People are people no matter what colour they are! I love you all. And I hope you love yourself too ❤️

    Reply

  20. Look all of them on the planet 🌎 has same brain 🧠 and same blood without festivals of different religion it will be too boring and no fun. Others like Invention of whites till I know Americans. Particular religion enjoy and have extraordinary comfort but hate their religion who invented eg Apple iPhone 📱, bulb 💡, Dubai tourism etc

    Reply

  21. Whites are now a minority in the Top Universities their is a higher percentage of Blacks and others White low numbers are hidden by the huge number of Jews whom only look white.

    Reply

  22. Most of the time I get insulted by white ppl they always said why I even using internet when I'm supposed to be working in their backyards lol and black ppl always told me to go back to South America funny because even white ppl call them African-American lol I really don't understand but I stay quiet lol

    Reply

  23. What are the rules bc I don’t look black or Asian but a percentage of me is black and Asian. Am I allowed to say the c and n word. Lmk what you fellow racists think 🤔

    Reply

  24. There is nothing sinful in itself to be from another country.The bible says SIN IS A REPROACH TO ANY PEOPLE OR COUNTRY.The sins people of one race critize other races of committing are practiced by the accuser's race itself to one degree or another.

    The book of Revealtion says THAT THE GLORY OF THE NATIONS SHALL BE BROUGHT TO THE CITY OF GOD. So God doesn't have a problem with race but with sin.THERE'S NOTHING WRONG WITH RACES, BUT THERE IS SOMETHING TERRIBLY WRONG WITH THE SIN OF RACISM.

    Reply

  25. Black society is a social construct since they make contact with outside world.

    Middle east society is a Religious construct since they discover Jerusalem.

    White society is a racial construct since they discover earth is full of colorful people.

    Reply

  26. Many of these sources are nor reliable and i simply don’t think they should be used as a source of information, i prefer more reliable sources. I personally don’t think racism is as big of a thing in America as many leftist like to make it, instead of addressing the issues what many are doing is making a bigger difference by painting white people as bad, and any other minority as good, this is what creates real racism. Racism will always exist and prejudice will continue because its human nature to judge others. I wouldnt say its a black thing to commit higher crimes or not graduate highschool or get paid less… but these things happen because they are usually in poor neighborhoods and in low income places… i dont think we as blacks should blame racism and white people, but we should blame our culture and start proving ourselves wrong, we can do the same as white people in this country, dont blame the system, blame yourselves. Take responsibility for your actions

    Reply

  27. I love it when whites are called racist, because it demonstrates, that whites can handle people saying negative about whites, like adults.

    Reply

  28. Welcome to the world of the bad guy. It’s 2020 and us white people are the bad people. Every single fng day a white man is extorted to look like the bad guy. Try to stop adding to our shit.

    Reply

  29. “What is needed is a spirit of boundary dissolution, between individuals, between classes, sexual orientations, rich and poor, man and woman, intellectual and feeling toned types. If this can happen, then we will make a new world. And if this doesn’t happen, nature is fairly pitiless and has a place for us in the shale of this planet, where so many have preceded us.”

    Reply

  30. blacks have a entire continent to themselves in Africa go back and fix your own shitholEs you whites need to get out of native indigenous indian lands as well.

    Reply

  31. Sometimes I suspect(at least involving white on black racism)that the root could be envy.Not that many of we whites would admit to it,of course.In my eyes at least,blacks are much better looking.Also,they age so much better if indeed they age at all.Nothing makes some whites more jealous than effortlessly staying young looking.Besides,there's that resiliency and some quality I can't quite put into words.I guess it has to do with personality mostly.Other peoples seem to lack that intangible "vibe".Mind you,this isn't to kiss black ass.I'd sooner (almost) vote for Trump than kiss ass of any hue.It's all just what I've noticed in my time on this ridiculous planet.

    Reply

  32. Welcome to modern American, where you are not allowed to dislike or offend anyone, have an opposed opinion or freedom of speech.

    Reply

  33. I'd be curious to see the data beyond color relating to crime / sentence.
    Example. What did the white people who had less of a conviction for the same crime look like? Where they well dressed? Talked educated? Did they have money? Were they influential people?

    Now, obviously racism does exist, but I like data and solutions. Just saying "racism exisits and here's the proof" isn't doing any good. Need a solution and part of it is finding out why.

    My assumption is how you dress and talk have more to do with "racism" than your skin color. Not always, but I think in the majority of situations.

    If a white guy talks poorly and dresses like a thug, he's not getting that job even though he's white. White people make fun of white people who can't talk well or who dress like crap….White people tend to use it as an indicator of education, intelligence, and maturity. That's what white people value.
    If a black guy talks and dresses well he will actually find himself having a much easier time getting a job than a white guy. Racism is a hot button for white people, which is why it's effective in lazy political debates.

    As a white kid growing up in the 80's and 90's I was a punk rocker. I wore cut up cloths, patches everywhere, weird colored hair, piercings, and had a "swagger" common for that sub culture. I'd go into a store and be followed by the workers like I was gonna steal something. It wasn't my skin color that made them not trust me, it was how I carried myself, spoke, and dressed.

    Reply

  34. To be fair blacks in USA bring all that negative stigma on themselves. Poverty is a state of mind. And personally, I wouldn't have children if I had no plan on working to get those children to a better place.

    Reply

  35. isnt it ridiculous that this video shows up with the search inquiry "white privlege doesnt exist."

    you just get hundreds of videos of regressives whining about non existent privlege.

    Reply

  36. Racism is not any issue in the U.S, those using it are the racists. Color of the skin,eyes,hair are of no issue, but what is the issue is what is said, what is acted on, what is thought.

    Reply

  37. I feel that racist is a crime towards other race cuz they hate other people and that's not good and they're take their races out on other innocent people like lynching and hanging and killing and I feel that racist against other race is a crime and they should go to jail and being a racist can end up being a crime those type of people should not be around other people that don't look like them and I feel that they need counseling those type of people and they should get help

    Reply

  38. White people always going to have it made in America black people is not and they're going to make sure they don't have the same thing that they have and if a black person have the same thing as a white person being rich every black person in America have more money than they have every black person like a white person having a good job don't have to work hard getting paid all that lots of money then a black person if a black person have the same thing as a white person here come the jealousy that's never going to happen black people go to always struggle in America always no matter how much they try to come up to the top a white person going to try to put them right back down that's America

    Reply

  39. Your teeth porcelain and clouds are now considered racist no more white teeth no more white toilets and no more white clouds!!!…🤣🤣🤣

    Reply

  40. I am proud of being Mexican said the Mexican.

    I am proud of being Arabic said the Arab.

    I am proud of being Asian said the Asian.

    I am proud of being an Indian said the Native American.

    I am proud to be Black said the African American.

    I am proud of being white said the racist. 🤦🏼‍♂️

    Reply

  41. I AM A AMERICAN BORN DRAFTED VIETNAM VET FORMER CALIF. STATE EMPLOYEE JUST GOT TURNED DOWN BY a FORMER WELFARE BLACK LADY TURNING VETS FROM GETTING THEIR REQUIRED USA NATIONAL IF CARD BLACKS HAVE MANAGED TO HAVE A CORRUY BLACK DOMINANCE MANAGEMENT OF MORE MANGERS & MORE SUPERVISORS IN ALL LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT. THEY ARE DOING IT THRU THEIR UNFAIIR BLACK HIRING PRACTICES. DONT LET WHITES OR OTHER RACES GET IN THE SAME HIRING OPPORTUNITIES. WHY? ONLY TO CONTINUE THEIR DOMINANT ROLE IN ALL EDD,DI OFFICES IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. IF U KNOW THE WAY BLACKS OPERATE THEY ARE NOT WORKING THEY ARE HIRING THEIR OWN BLACK FRIENDS, NEIGHBORHOODS & CONGERATIONS. PRESIDENT TRUMP NEEDS TO LOOK INTO THIS UNFAIR RACIST ACTS FROM BKACK CORRUPTION IN CALIFORNIA GOVERNMENT OFFICES. AT JESUS COUNTRY USA. FLYING ONLY ONE FLAG THE ALWAYS GREAT AMERICAN FLAG. DEMOGRAPHICS IN CALIFORNIA CALLS FOR MORE WHITES & MORE OF THE RACES LIVING.

    Reply

  42. I think I was racist but like not because I hate black people it was because I was stupid and say stupid shit

    Reply

  43. Racism is real along with xenophobia, homophobia etc it’s a lie made up by evil liberals who teach minority groups do believe in racism and look for it. Parents normally teach there’s kids these lies and they teach them to look for racism and destroy people if they do something so called racist or offended. Racism is really a difference between right and wrong that’s all it is.

    Trump 2020

    Reply

  44. What is the difference between black and white skin? Please answer racists!!!! I said no difference. only color difference

    Reply

  45. The problems of racism in the criminal justice system can still be demed racism, though I am not sure that all of your statistics can be attributed to bias policing or the "system" and may be part of the higher crime rates amoung african americans. You can not deny that the rates of cime are hight. Where due to poverty, culture or family or even (and I do not doubt it police). But there are not Laws on the books concerning race. The last were in 1965. What more could you expect from white people. If they see little racism then for them there in fact is little racism. All I have an obligation to do is to defend my fellow citizens rights. And I will do so as long as they defend my rights. Now as to the so called "white privilage" please measure that. How much do I owe because of my skin. How much abuse should I have to take because of black angre. What amount do we have to pay to be over this. Because what it think in my mind. (called say personal bias) or even worst that I unconcieously feel (unconcious bias) is just crap. You can not use what some people think, or what some people think that they don't even recognise as anything actionable. You keep racism alive by talking about it over and over. And you keep voilect going. Like the perptual revolution. There are no race laws on the books, the are people of color is all strata of society. So drop it already.

    Reply

  46. I hate this so much. You know what humanity is always imperfect meaning that humans are the complete opposite of perfection the complete opposite and will never live in a world without no evil of what so ever.

    Reply

  47. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100000000

    Big#=more racist
    Small#=less racist

    What state is the most racist?

    Reply

  48. Theres no common definition of racism, this word is such overused in many different occasions and misused that it is very difficult to even discuss this issue without knowing what exactly were discussing. Its impossible to even discuss this issue with some liberals because they scream racist when they dont have any argumnets at everyone that has different view on things. hard racism i.e. openly expressing hate towards any person of different or some specific color irrespective of his personality, skills, moral standards is pretty obvious. yes there are such people but honestly i think these people are very small minority. Lets say someone has multiple negative experience with crime of people of some specific race, in other words someone subjectively see much higher crime rate of some race and he becomes suspicious any unknown person of such race could be a threat to him, at the same time people of such race he personally knows he is ok with, he does not openly expres hate or discrimination towards unfamiliar people of given race but he does nit like them, is such person racist ? I think there should be some balance between cause and effect. right now the cause is the silent elephant in the room while the effect is overblown witchhunt.

    Reply

  49. NSTITUTIONAL RACISM & Grand Theft COVER-UP done By San Diego California Court, Live November 2019 ; GRAND THEFT of INNOCENT Black Mans $650K+ HOME https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ac4wGI8Fogs&t=553s THE COURTS HIDE THE TRUTH under THEIR BOGUS closed to the public MARSDEN HEARINGS.

    Reply

  50. Blks have changed in the last 40 years.not all but most.thay were hard working church going Nobel people.i stop renting to blks in 2007 because thay stop paying rent and in Marin Ca it will cost you 5 thousand to evict and at are dealership we offer in house fie.we would take bets on when a blk person would stop paying. I would put a gps system on the car knowing we would have to go and tow it and the person would come back for there down payment. When it comes down to my success and there feelings sorry.

    Reply

  51. 2:26 That's insane. Algebra 2 is a totally standard class in my not particularly wealthy but very white school. The idea that students in these schools don't have access to such a fundamental class is just disheartening.

    Reply

  52. Or you are promoting rasicm with your literally quick spoken words that can only be listened by a native ones.

    Reply

  53. 1. The studies show that institutional racism exists, but everyone discusses problems, no one has a solution.

    2. I feel the best solution is stop talking about race… we are not black or white… we are all people. What we should do is reach out to the person next to us… it doesn’t matter what color… the less we focus on race and the more we focus on service… this disparity will go a way. In such a divisive time, we can’t separate ourselves into groups, but join all into one group.

    Reply

  54. As a black man due to the racist and/or prejudice ways of others Ive accepted that its not racism its structural racism which is a huge difference.

    Reply

  55. I don't care if you have black people. Just don't hate black people because of African Americans. We are not all the same.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *