republicanism

Even Republicanism had its violent periods / After School Democracy ep 20 Even Republicanism had its violent periods / After School Democracy ep 20

In the hunter/gatherer society, there was rarely any king. It was most often very democratic and socialist. The tribe was loyal to each other. But the tribe was at most 150 people. Around the number limit where the brain can view that many people as fellow trustworthy humans and remain altruistic. It is the limit…

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2. The Paris Commune and Its Legacy 2. The Paris Commune and Its Legacy

Professor John Merriman: Okay, today I want to talk about the Paris Commune. This is how I end the previous course, but it’s the most appropriate place to start this one, because the Paris Commune hung over Europe for the next twenty or thirty years. And, in my view, the Paris Commune and the massacre…

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1. Liberal capitalism increases freedom 1. Liberal capitalism increases freedom

first defining our terms by liberalism we mean a network of principles institutionalized political scientists will talk about among them the rule of law so there are specified explicit principles governing the society as opposed to arbitrary power residing in one individual or any number of individuals to make up the rules as they go…

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11. Tolerance increases under liberal capitalism 11. Tolerance increases under liberal capitalism

next argument liberal capitalist societies are tolerant societies consider religious intolerance for example a social illness plague human beings for ever it’s precisely in those societies that started to encourage individual freedom that individual should be free to live their lives as they see fit precisely in those societies that encourage individuality importance of each…

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5. Liberal capitalism increases the average standard of living 5. Liberal capitalism increases the average standard of living

the next argument focus is not so much on capitalism’s productive ability how much wealth it produces but rather on the distribution of wealth in a society one characteristic of capitalism in the modern world after the Industrial Revolution particularly was the development of mass production of goods obviously for the masses mass-produced clothing mass-produced…

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7. Liberal capitalism generates more philanthropy 7. Liberal capitalism generates more philanthropy

another related argument focuses on the nonprofit sector in capitalist societies given the capitalist societies produce so much wealth a lot of that wealth of course is spent directly on consumer goods a lot of that wealth is reinvested in as capital in New productive enterprises but a lot of that surplus wealth then will…

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13. Liberal capitalism leads to international peace 13. Liberal capitalism leads to international peace

and finally the argument the capitalism leads to international peace we take the profit motive again as an example what capitalism leads is to a lot of trade trade across borders globalization and so forth one of the major trends of the capitalist era they’re even here though is that if I am dealing with…

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3. People work smarter under liberal capitalism 3. People work smarter under liberal capitalism

next a complimentary argument that under capitalism people work smarter not that they work harder but that they work smarter and capitalism makes better use of the knowledge available in a society dispersed among millions of individuals that capitalism develops institutions that enable individuals to coordinate their knowledge in a way better than any other…

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6. The poor are better off under liberal capitalism 6. The poor are better off under liberal capitalism

next rather than focusing on the people in the middle or the average rate or the majority of people in a society we might focus on the poorest people in society and consider capitalism’s effects on them the argument here is that capitalism by increasing a great deal of wealth means that a significant amount…

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