The Fall Of The Soviet Union

The Fall Of The Soviet Union


December 25, 2016 marks 25 years since the
President of the Soviet Union resigned, leading to the end of the most powerful communist-leaning
country in history. Although it stood as a major opposing force
to the United States throughout the second half of the 20th century, the country’s
domestic struggles ultimately led to its downfall. So, why exactly did the Soviet Union collapse? Well, the fall of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, or USSR, can be said to begin with its last leader: Mikhail Gorbachev (mihk-hah-eel
gohr-bah-CHAHF) . He was in power from 1985 to 1991, and implemented a large number of
reforms to try and deal with growing unrest country-wide. Gorbachev entered office following, what was
called, “The Era of Stagnation”, generally considered to cover the mid 1960s to the mid
1980s. Although the causes of this stagnation varied,
they were largely based on economic, social, and military issues instituted during the
reign of Leonid -,Brezhnev, and several subsequent leaders. Although different theories have been proposed,
one suggests that the Soviet Union was desperate to outperform the United States in two major
regions: military, and spaceflight. This led to excessive spending, with the Soviet
Union establishing a self-contained military industrial complex, at the expense of the
economy, leading to underproduction and stagnation. Moreover, after decades of repressive Communist
rule, domestic attitudes towards the government were at an all-time low, leading to greater
dissent and unrest. As the new leader, Gorbachev quickly set out
to reverse this stagnation through two massive programs unlike Russia had ever seen before. The first was called “Glasnost”, effectively
meaning “Transparency”. The Communist Party had long banned books,
operated a secret police force against dissent, and arrested citizens for political disagreements. But Glasnost ended all of these practices,
and even tacitly encouraged these new freedoms. The policy also made an effort to reduce the
Communist Party’s hold on the entire government, allowing competitive multi-candidate elections
to occur. The next stage was called “perestroika”,
or “restructuring”. This was an effort to move away from the structured
economy, run entirely by the state, allowing for more private ownership of businesses,
and semi-free market access. These two new efforts completely shifted the
focus of Soviet politics and economy, and closely mirrored the western ideals that had
made other countries successful. Unfortunately, the major shift was unable
to undo decades of state-rule, and in the words of Gorbachev, “The old system collapsed
before the new one had time to begin working, and the crisis in the society became even
more acute.” In this interim period, the economy got considerably
worse, as did standards of living for nearly all members of the Soviet Union and its satellite
states. Slowly, these Eastern European satellite states
began to hold free elections, mostly as a result of the glasnost reform. The first to shift away was Poland, whose
newly free elections instituted a non-Communist party, and ultimately, independence. Soon, other satellite states saw their own
peaceful transitions of power. Eventually, these efforts led to widespread
unrest throughout the government, and in August of 1991, a group of hardline Communist Party
members attempted a coup d’état against Gorbachev, who they believed was steering
the country into failure. The coup didn’t work, and Gorbachev resigned
as head of the Communist Party which had tried to overthrow him, and it was ultimately dissolved
entirely. In the midst of the coup, several Baltic states
announced their independence, which triggered a domino effect over the next few months. By December of 1991, Ukraine, Russia, Belarus,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan
left the Soviet Union. They formed amongst themselves a new international
commonwealth of independent states, removed from the USSR. Within a few days, the now powerless USSR
government, which technically still only had power over Georgia, was dissolved by Gorbachev,
ending 69 years of world power. In the past twenty-five years, Russia has
managed to somewhat recover its former glory, as the Russian Federation is the thirteenth
largest economy in the world, boasting the second most powerful military. Although still lagging behind, Russia’s
resurgence as a global power is a testament to its influence before the fall of the Soviet
Union. Russia has played a big role in many world
conflicts, most recently the Syrian Civil War. Its involvement marks the first time since
the end of the Cold War that Russia has stepped outside of the former borders of the USSR
militarily. Find out more about Russia’s role in Syria
in this video. Since the start of the conflict, the government
of Russia has openly supported Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, originally in the form of
political backing in the UN. Thanks for watching Seeker Daily. Please make sure to like and subscribe for
new videos every day.

100 Comments on "The Fall Of The Soviet Union"


  1. I’m Filipino and I find it kinda bizarre how my father gave me my nickname “Gorby” after Gorbachev LOL

    Reply

  2. Can the passengers of a ship determine the course of the vessel taking into account only the direction of the winds, sea currents and the height of the waves? Disregarding the captain and his will? – The answer is clear. Likewise, people can not explain past and present events properly, ignoring the existence of God and His will.

    The founder of the state, Lenin hated God, persecuted Christians. This fact condemned his work to failure. Throughout the existence of the Soviets, atheism prevailed in the country, often it was a militant atheism, from which all the calamities of people – terror, hunger, GULAG, murders, bloody wars, occurred. And what was worse – several generations were deprived of the vital Word of God.

    However, according to the Bible, God cannot be mocked. He elevates kings, He removes kings. The collapse of the USSR, no doubt, was a perfect Act of God. Gorbachev, Yeltsin, and others only did the will of the Lord.

    Reply

  3. The economic sistem was not socialist, but only post-capitalist , the state (not the workers) owned the means of production and than all the old structure we know as modern state evolved inside that giant geopolitical project. When the state owns the means of production a whole new dominant class of burocrats evolves, and in the case of USSR it was very corrupt, with bloody methods to keep power since the beggining. Another important fact is that the ways of production were not sufficiently good to distribute consumer goods (while was good at distributing more solid needs, like education acess and public health acess)

    Today we could rebuild a whole new experiencie with new technologies wich can provide us a way more close path to true socialism. 3D Printers to decentralize production and solve the economic calculation issue, renewable energy, intense robotics, nanotechnology, internet for a way more direct democracy with no need of big burocracy etc etc Lets not be foolished by historical interpretations, history is always told by the ideological perspective of the winners . Socialism was never so possible and realistic as it is today, in fact capitalism is starting to be more and more impossible with this new industrial revolution we are facing. (intense automation = mass fall of profits) Not to mention capitalism is also a gigantic failure since the beggining, generating poverty, reproducting misery and rising inequality, the own competitivity and meritocracy ruined by the private corporations by itself through history, ending in monopolys… Lets all remember the french revolution and its main fundamental objectives: equality , freedom and solidarity wich were absolutely NOT reached by capitalism. The "work society" is facing it ultimately crisis

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  4. You forgot John Paul 2, who encouraged people to stand up against USSR and also has several discussion with gorbachev to stop communism

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  5. Boii, we ain't collapsing we still alive today, don't assume that the Soviet Union is dead, white democrat.

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  6. Free housing = BAD
    Free healthcare = BAD
    Free education = BAD
    Extreme poverty, violence, 2 chechen wars, fall of life expectancy = GOOD

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  7. Gorbachev didn't "destroy" the Soviet Union… It was on that path since Stalin… Every other Soviet head of state had to deal with the fallout of Stalin's policies… They didn't make the decisions that they did because they were "evil", which Stalin certainly was, but because they were tasked with trying to maintain a ridiculously huge empire which depended on them… Gorbachev knew that that the end was nigh, so he did what he could to make social reforms, not to prolong the life of the USSR, but to possibly help the transition… An autocratic dictatorship that claims that it is "Communist", which it wasn't, can't exist perpetually… He understood this.

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  8. Hello! People, im a communist. And i know the true! It is not a prank and not a experiment. If you are interested for this topic – write to me, sign

    Reply

  9. Good job. Rarely does one hear so much information packed into less than 5 min.
    But behind the scenes there are always spiritual forces at work, and 70 years of more-or-less official atheism failed to leave a permanent mark upon the peoples who labored under the immense weight of so-called 'communism.' If as the Bible says 'there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God', then clearly this regime, like the tsarist regime before it, had disqualified itself by its crimes and failures. When God says, 'enough', a regime's time is up.

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  10. I AM AFRAID YOU HAVE BEEN TAUGHT WRONG! COMMUNISM COLLAPSED IN THE USSR BECAUSE THE WESTERN SPY AGENCIES HAD MANAGED TO INFILTRATE THE TOP SOVIET LEADERSHIP AND GAVE THE MINISTERS AND GENERALS BRIBES TO MISMANAGE THE USSR. OVER THE COURSE OF 14YRS STARTING FROM 1978 THE USSR UNDER WENT ECONOMIC REFORM CALLED PERESTROIKA, THIS WEAKENED THE SOVIET ECONOMY AND LEADERSHIP AND THINGS STARTED TO CRUMBLE FROM WITHIN , NGO'S ALSO PLAYED A PART IN DESTROYING COMMUNISM WITH COUP DE FEATS IN ALLIED COMMUNIST NATIONS DOWN IN AFRICA AND EASTERN EUROPE,.THE WAR IN AFGHANISTAN WAS ONLY A MINOR INTERUPTION. THE USSR WILL NEVER RISE AGAIN BUT RUSSIA WILL, ALLIED WITH NORTH KOREA AND CHINA AND BELARUS RUSSIA WILL BE DIFFICULT TO BEAT.

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  11. To be honest communism could've worked it was just made by the wrong people

    Would you rather be in a imperialist state or a communist state

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  12. Soviet Russia collapsed because they embraced capitalism. Fitting then, that now they are ruled by a cabal if oligarchs headed by a dictator who uses the market to his own advantage.

    Yep. That sure was a good idea.

    Reply

  13. Fun fact: The person who put up the flag over the Reichstag in the photograph in 1945, World War 2, actually died in the same year as the Soviet Union, his name was Yagvey, looks like the spirit dies with it.

    Reply

  14. I am fairly confused. I have no idea when this happened. I barely started learning what this is, but I haven’t gotten to this year yet.

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  15. Америка хороша, потому что Америка велика.

    I don’t speak Russian.

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  16. Guys, Donald Trumps presidency should end in 2020.
    His years are almost up.
    Lol I can’t wait to see what the next president will do, probably fix what Donald Trump broke.
    Especially this trade war

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  17. Where do you think all the former Soviet block ministers went?

    To the EU of course… Don't forget half of Germany was Soviet block plus Poland etc, etc. These people didn't just retire they morphed into the EU.

    And that's why you now have a expansive controling dictatorship. Once you're in you not getting out.

    Let's hope the UK can keep causing problems from within to destroy the new communist regime and we can get back on track with Westernised democracy.

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  18. Had trump been Prez in 90s as he wanted in some interviews, he would have been called as the Gorvachevs Agent 🙂

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  19. 0:07
    "the end of the most powerful communist leaning country in hisory"

    China: Hold my knock-off beer

    Reply

  20. Lenin in the thumbnail, roasting the Provisional Government (1917, colourised af):

    I’m about to end this man’s whole career

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  21. Chernobyl disaster 1986 was partially the end of the closed society and secrecy, because you can't hide radioactive clouds spreading all of the world. Soviet had to admit st we screwed up and was forced to ask help from west.

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  22. 感谢苏联给我们的教诲,毛熊,你的遗愿将由我们扛起,我们将举焰。

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  23. I was a rebel teenager, after I became communist I totally changed and became a very caring person, love communist, this is a thing our young people need. look at the capitalism countries, people are so narrow minded..

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  24. Several other factors played more significant roles, such as their invasion of Afghanistan, and the Chernobyl disaster

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  25. The Soviet is a spirit, the persistent spirit of the hard-working masses to pursue happiness; the Soviet is an ideal, the lofty ideal of the people to create a better future; the Soviet is a belief, the selfless belief of the proletariat to liberate all mankind; the Soviet is a The epic is a heroic epic of hundreds of millions of people who have heroic struggles, selfless dedication, and bloodshed.

    Reply

  26. 'He who does not miss the soviet union, has no heart,
    He who wants it back, has no brain'
    Vladimir Putin

    Reply

  27. Communism still in Cuba, 60 years already. When and how can we be free of that oppression?? Please anyone reading this help to free Cuba!!!

    Reply

  28. What a nice video you have absolutly made such a great work with an amazing explanation you have made everything clear thank you so much and keep up

    Reply

  29. The end of the USSR was also the end of Stalinist oppression (although watered down the under leaders since Stalin – finished under Gorbachev… ).Is Putin trying to rebuild Stalinism? You never know…

    Reply

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