The Political Spectrum Explained In 4 Minutes

The Political Spectrum Explained In 4 Minutes


[Music] in the modern political world the terms left-wing and right-wing can often be heard and misunderstood but what do these terms mean and where do they come from the terms left and right were first used in an ideological context during the French Revolution of the 18th century those on the left are in support of the Revolution and those on the right supported the monarchy this idea of the left supporting change and the right wanted to keep the status quo continues today and is key in some of their philosophy the difference between left and right wing ideology fundamentally comes down to the balance between individual liberty and government power the left strive for an equal society and believe that the state should play a substantial role in people’s lives this means increased regulation of business and higher taxes on the rich the Left also tend to hold more progressive views often opposing the death penalty while supporting same-sex marriage and women’s right to abortion the Left have more lenient views on immigration and are usually the driving force behind any separation of church and state economically the left often follow the Keynesian or is it sometimes called the interventionist school of thought in brief this system would have the government intervene to avoid an economic recession this means tax in highly during Cadore boom times and spending this money when the economy truly needs it the level of government interference varies by how far left it is with communists want a complete control over all aspects of the economy whereas the center-left want only moderate intervention the right belief that a level of social inequality is inevitable and think that the government should have a limited role in people’s lives in business this is as the right believes that preserving personal freedom should be the government’s main goal and should not impose too many rules on people’s lives the right also tend to hold more traditional and religious attitudes than the left often opposing things those on the Left support such as same-sex marriage and women’s right to abortion economically the right can often be seen using the new classical approach which includes have analyzed a fair policy this roughly translates to leave things alone and means less regulation to increase innovation and lower taxes to increase growth ensure the right views government interference in business as a bad thing and thinks that the market prospers best when left to its own devices parties on the Left include labor the greens and the Democratic Party while those on the right include the Republicans conservatives and the UK Independence Party there is also a center ground where parties like the Liberal Democrats lie these parties hold views from both the left and the right this will be in said the use of left and right to describe modern political parties is not always accurate there are actually many different political spectrums that can be used to judge how far left or right a party is parties often judge themselves based on other current political parties in this regard labour is often seen to be on the left and conservatives are often seen to be on the right in actual fact lots of labour policy actually places it in the center or right of the political spectrum the same is true in America where both the Democrats and Republicans are on the right of the spectrum in political terms even if the Democrats are sometimes seen as having more left-wing values the political spectrum is also not just 2-dimensional within both the left and the right there are people who hold authoritarian and libertarian views authoritarians wish for greater government interference and libertarians want the opposite as previously stated the Left tend to be authoritarian and the right tend to be libertarian but this is not always the case we are often taught the extremes of left-wing is communism and the extremes of right-wing is fascism this is not strictly true as the extreme authoritarian nature of fascist governments combined with left-wing economic beliefs make it hard to place on a political scale while it is useful to have these labels in order to help the majority of people easily distinguish between different ideologies it is also important to remember that they are not always accurate and looking at the party’s policy for yourself is often the best way to choose who gets your vote rather than following a label blindly [Music] you

100 Comments on "The Political Spectrum Explained In 4 Minutes"


  1. Thanks for watching. Support us on Patreon and get exclusive rewards: https://www.patreon.com/thelifeguide

    The next video will be up soon: Genghis Khan & The Mongol Empire Explained In 8 Minutes!

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  2. The presenter is ignorant of political theory of any kind. And is only analyzing modern identity politics of the false dichotomy. Thinking that Democrats are "leftists" is not realizing you have been misled. This only happens when somebody NEVER read any of the material, and doesn't know anything about it. Only going on the social identity choices they are being given.

    When you realize that equating left = authority, and right = liberty is a false dichotomy, and is entirely politically illiterate. Conservatism is the ideology of monarchists. Folks who literally believe that democracy should be opposed. That's the actual French Revolution history the presenter isn't knowledgeable enough to realize. Liberalism was in direct opposition to the "conservatism" of the monarchists. (it should be known that liberalism was at the time, left wing in economics. But seeing as how they were coming out of feudalism, it should be noted that if classical liberals were born in the 19th century they would have been socialists. They were leftists for their time) *Time does not operate in a vacuum. Context is vital.

    You have to break down left vs right in 3 areas.

    Political (power/authority)
    polar left – an(archy), a political system with no hierarchy, no rulers
    polar right – mon(archy), a political system with a single ruler

    Economic (equality/distribution)
    absolute equality ——————————|——————————– total inequality
    ——————————— | ——– socialism ——- |
    —————————————————– | ——– capitalism ——– |

    Social
    radical <- progressive – conservative -> reactionary

    Anybody with even a small amount of political literacy, knows that radicals and reactionary's are equally likely to use authority to achieve their goals (The further to the poles you go, the worse it gets.) The reason it is identified with the right has to do with their history. Conservatives have long since been anti-democracy, and pro wealthy upper class (monarchists). They are historically the wealthy , and wish to hold power over the people. This is why one wing was always equated with inequality, and power-mongering over the other. The false dichotomy choices given are ALL right wing politically, and economically, with the only choice actually being given on social positions. (you heard the presenter talking about abortion, and about gay rights? Yeah, that's political theater. The oligarch class of society doesn't give one fuch about any of that! It's just there to make people fight so they don't decide to rise up and kill their masters.) Modern day Republicans hold not only reactionary views, but also radical ones. It is not in a vacuum, and it is not absolute, it is issue specific. Each and every issue falls differently for everybody based on these metrics. To take on a position based on the false dichotomy, and take an identity as such, only makes you dumber.

    Wake up people, this is a pathetic video, by a very under-informed tool.

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  3. Confused… I'm for equality and one for all way of thinking, but also for personal freedom. Shall I be left or right?

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  4. You should’ve used the political compass instead of conflating the left with authoritarians & the right with libertarians. Also, regulations on the market aren’t the same as the reductions of personal freedoms.

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  5. Far left: why can’t we be more communist like China
    Far right: let’s tarif Mexico to build a WALLlkLllll

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  6. SOCIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE POLITICAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN RIGHT AND LEFT

    In politics, the sociological dividing line between Right and Left can be traced back to two obsessions:

    – the first (the torment of the Right) is a phobia of elements perceived to be incompatible with commonly used models in society

    – the second (the bane of the Left) is intolerance of models that appear to be imposed by society.

    In order to capture the meaning of these lines, we need to step back in time and recall the turmoil we experienced early in life as we began the process of blending into society when, as kids, we entered Planet School – or more precisely, Planet Classroom.

    Right there in the classroom we’ve all had to deal with a “ problem kid ”: “bad Johnny”- the student with the disrespectful, smug attitude and less than decent grades, the kid in the back that stole your lunch money, the chronic late – comer who seemed to own a single tattered and over – doodled notebook, the bully you best avoided if you didn’t want to find yourself running home bruised and with a ripped school uniform. The hopeless case that once had the nerve to show his privates to the girl in the second row and who always came back from the boys’ room reeking of cigarette smoke.

    No doubt that “bad Johnny” has raised concerns – more for some than for others – within the classroom/society. However, we can’t forget that other classmate of ours who is at the root of perhaps even more devastating issues – “ Peter goody – two – shoes ”. He came from a good family, he always sat in the front row, paid attention in class, gave a helping hand to less fortunate people, had good manners, dressed smartly, respected the teachers, sported perfect hairstyles and neatly organized books. The one who carefully put his school supplies away at the end of class, who always did his homework, who had the best grades- the one who came to school early each morning and couldn’t seem to wait to get started.

    He was a model to look up to, our term of comparison when we sensed we couldn’t be good enough in the world of social competition. In fact, Peter popped up – in more or less obvious ways – any time our parents scolded us or our teacher criticized us.

    And it was “ Peter good – two – shoes ” who really bothered us – especially when we felt his weight bearing down on our heads – a behavioral model imposed upon us by society.

    It is of the utmost importance to note that, for the purposes of this “treatise”, “ Peter goody – two –shoes ” should not be considered “good” in an absolute sense – but rather a model society sees in a positive light (not always rightfully so) and, more than that, tries to impose upon us. Similarly, “bad Johnny ” does not have to be the bad guy – rather just something society – often erroneously – considers negative.

    You can see how Peter goody – two – shoes bothers people who are emotionally Left – wing, while an aversion to bad Johnny is the hallmark of Right – wingers.

    BIASIMO INVERSO
    Gianfranco Ardisson

    CONFIRMATION OF “Peter goody – two – shoes” THEORY

    – The idea that humans are intrinsically good belongs to the Left. In this case, “bad Johnny” is not a great danger to society. Leftist ideology borrows Rousseau’s belief that people are good by nature, even if at times they are led astray by society. It is noteworthy that “Peter goody – two – shoes”, the Left’s obsession, represents society and the model it demands to impose.

    – The idea that some people are naturally diabolical is Right-wing: this belief derives from the suspicion that anyone could be a potential evil “bad Johnny”. In the Right’s vision, inspired by Hobbes, humans are evil by nature. They are always out to swindle, subjugate or rob others: hence the "Homo homini lupus" (man is a wolf for men) idea. In this case, it becomes society’s job to correct “bad Johnny” at any cost, if necessary by “sufficiently persuasive” means.

    The “Peter goody – two – shoes” theory is therefore a sociologically relevant construct which delineates the meaning of the dichotomous conundrum afflicting each and every one of us in our relationship with society as a whole:

    – On one hand, the refusal of models society itself endeavours to impose;

    – On the other, the perception of elements not in line with the dominant paradigms as alien to society.

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  7. Came here hoping it would help me understand it, still makes no sense, can someone explain it in English?

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  8. This is absolute bollocks. Their is no difference between either extreme view. It's a human made excuse to make one feel better than the other. Stalin killed as many as Hitler. Pol Pot as many as China. All as many as each other. Rwanda, Sudan, Yugoslavia and the Caucasus? Labelling seems a great excuse for one side to destroy the other….it's bollox.

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  9. Goldie locks and the three bears one was to hot one was to cold and one was jus right (the middle)

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  10. What an utter pile of poop 🙂 Did whoever authorize this display of academically void inability to grasp basic common sense ever get even a single qualification at primary school level? The free market is right wing? You do realize that when someone gives them self a label, it can indeed be inaccurate?

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  11. summary: cuckservatives are racist. libs are decent human beings trying to make life good for minorities

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  12. Hahaha it’s not like laissez faire fucked us all over in the past lmao 😂 we’re so lucky. O what’s that? We were? Multiple times?
    😬😬😬

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  13. oh boy, you'd wanna see swedens politics. it's completed fucked and the only good party is 3rd biggest party still while the worst party is #1 bringing mass imigration and destruction to the point where you cannot literally live here anymore.

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  14. i'm not american and i don't understand the polities there 100% but i wanna ask, why some people hate liberalism, for example when someone says "screw these liberals"?? form what i understand about Liberalism that is it about Freedom of everything, the wird thing that i don't understand why some americans hate it? don't you want freedom? is it because of the ppl representing Liberalism? man screw these ppl if that's the reason, again i don't know a whole lot so i might be missing something
    really appreciate it if some american who knows this stuff good can explain it to me

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  15. The Australian aboriginals and other nomadic tribes around the world ranked amongst the freest people in the world on a political spectrum, they could be placed on the far right, whereas communism and dictatorships can be placed at the far left, and institutionalization and incarceration at the very left of the political spectrum.

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  16. communism isnt just about complete control over everything. Anarco communists dont even believe in the existence of a state.

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  17. The left wants people to have a choice at the end of life.

    The right wants to force cancer and ALS patients to suffer to the bitter end.

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  18. Comments:
    %95 saying how good this comment war is going to be
    %4 random shit
    %1 people actually arguing

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  19. The right supports equality of opportunity where the left wants equality of outcome. That’s really what it boils down to.

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  20. "The Right believes the government should not hold too much power over people's lives." Except in the case of who they can marry, if they can have abortions, if they can be thrown in a cage for smoking a plant or if they can be thrown in a cage for crossing a border. Also, the Right is so anti government they are willing to use the government to kill people in third world countries by the hundreds of thousands. That's limited government for you.

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  21. Where are you on the left to right wing scale?

    🗑——————|———🕹——👍

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  22. All this depends on the individual. Or sometimes how they grow up. Best way to avoid arguments just say your not into politics like I am. Or even sometimes I feel liberal about things sometimes Im conservative about things. Not everything works one way. But a little of both sometimes do. We're always stronger together as a unit United.. United We Stand,, United States of America for which it stands,, one nation..

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  23. I like some views from the left e.g. same sex marriage and abortion. But I feel the right is better for the economy of the country. It values stability and I agree that some level of inequality is inevitable and that's ok. I also like that the right values more freedom and the separation of church and state. We don't need churches, we just pay monks and priests to pray and live their lives.

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  24. You can argue and tag this shit all your life and still won't come to anything sensible… Maximal freedom and proper education (and not the current indoctrination we CALL education) is the only solution.

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  25. Left collectivism and are
    Anarchist
    Communist
    Socialist
    Democrats
    Classical liberals
    Conservatives
    Fascist

    Right individualism
    Libertarians

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  26. "What if I told you the left wing and the right wind belong to the same bird."

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  27. I like centre right the best. Is that okay to say? I wouldn't want to live in a left wing or right wing country.

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  28. Its funny bc in America its actually backwards. The left are large government and tax and regulation. Which would be support for government and monarchy.

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  29. anyone that says IM " insert label " or say I vote :" insert party" is A FUCKING IDIOT ABOVE ALL OTHER… they are controlled by elites and there is many policys and agendas…. and every person is different … how you could be ONE LABEL is beyond me…. wake up and make money…… before robots take the jobs……. i vote mario party

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  30. I like this video cause it easily explains how broken the political spectrum is 🙂
    https://youtu.be/AQvyav9lpbE

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  31. "A woman's right to abortion"? If you're going to make a video about Left and Right, use more neutral language, please.

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  32. The concept of these different philosophies is very interesting for me. But personally, I made the decision many years ago to not be biased to one side or the other. I have my own personal values that are either a mix of both sides, or totally different ideologies all together. Overall, I just want a world where we can accept each other’s opinions and biases, and live in a free, yet diverse culture

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  33. Understanding the terms i dont get how anyone could want to be right wing/conservative they dont want equality or improvement because it would be a change and maybe thats bad…seem like fearmongers to me

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  34. Excuse me, but if armed Americans can't protect their children or their country from the subversive Satanic types, I don't think it's all going to survive a radical Leftist government.

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  35. Centrist and Right: Bootlickers who think property exist, read Stirner imbeciles. Property is a spook.

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  36. gears up
    takes deep breaths
    “You can do this…you can do this…”
    prays
    opens doors to the comment section

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  37. You don't understand what communism means. It's about no private ownership, everybody is equal, government is run by the people, for the people. Please try and understand what communism is before you make a commentary on it.

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  38. Liberal is usually left authoritarian is usually right. But socialists that are left leaning can be authoritarian, and libertarians that are usually right can be liberal. So I do like your graph, that is a visual aid for idiots

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  39. Before you get into political leaning. First question you should as is are you Egalitarian or anti-Egalitarian. (egalitarian = equal opportunity / right)

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  40. bruh, how many different right wing people do you know that are against same sex marriage

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  41. I support the what some of you may call "far-left ideology" but before supporting that, i support the fact that politics is a huge scam-trap.

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  42. Far right= death to the blacks. Far left=death to the white men. If the political spectrum is 2d go backwards.

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  43. Well it’s either Freedom of Speech, getting rich and becoming a higher member of society or taxes, no speech and getting no reward for your hard work

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  44. Doing a Progressive Tax on (Just) the “Greedy Part” of Wealth & Conservatively Spending (Just it) on Social Programs gets us a “Stable Society” (the “True Creator” of All Wealth!!) AND we do it with “Direct Democracy” where WE Directly Propose, Enact & Enforce “Merit Based Standardized” Laws & “Money” isn’t a factor!! – "Like" this so we all See & Do this!!

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  45. Capitalism is a great economic solution
    Socialism is a great public solution
    Both can lead to total absolute ruler or corrupted government

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  46. I just watched this an i still dont get it… also, why the fuck cant everyone just get along, were all fucking different, deal with it…

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  47. I’m still confused and this makes no sense. I’m either stupid or really not supposed to understand politics

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  48. Why do most of us tend to accept the whole package of a party's platform like it's some sort of religion where you have to buy into every tenet of the faith? It's insane how many "Christians" in America buy into everything supported by the Republican party, as if turning your back on refugees, letting the sick die without help or go bankrupt seeking help, supporting wars and the distribution of weapons of war to civilians, and destroying the very ecosystems that support life are what Jesus would support.

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  49. Left and right lost its original meaning. These days, left wing are SJW and right wing is everyone normal.

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  50. Fascism is understood as far right in opinion surveys, as well as in the political science literature.

    A selection of sources below.

    What Germans associate with the two terms:
    Bauer, P., Barberá, P., Ackermann, K. and Venetz, A. (2016). Is the Left-Right Scale a Valid Measure of Ideology?. Political Behavior, 39 (3), pp. 553-583.

    See page 116:
    Downs, A. (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

    An overview of ideologies (see left-right positions):
    Freeden, M. (2003). Ideology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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  51. I still don’t get why anarchism is considered left bc left involves increased control for authority?

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  52. Trouble is when the party of your choice gets in they renegge on the policies that got them into power.

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  53. JFK said he was a liberal WITHOUT illusions.
    That is brilliant and I subscribe to that thinking. I voted for Trump but I also voted for Jimmy Carter. Robert Kennedy was and is a political hero for me.

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  54. The political compass just needs a third cultural/social dimension and we can dispense with some of this confusion.
    The natzis were more on the economic left, and broke the meter for the cultural/social right.

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  55. HITLER WAS A LEFTIST! God, so many times people say Fascism is "right-wing" it is not. It is Big Government control. They always use Hitler as a right-winger when he was a national SOCIALIST. Stop the lies.

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